"Live forever in the Kinora": Motion Photography In Between Pre- and Early Cinema

Activity: Talk or presentation typesTalk or presentation (not at a conference)Academic


Originally invented and patented by Auguste and Louis Lumière in 1896, the Kinora was an adapted version of the Mutoscope, which – similar to Edison’s Kinetoscope – functioned as an individual viewing machine. Based on historical research and hands-on exploration, this contribution argues that the Kinora, as an early motion picture technology designed for home use, is uniquely positioned “in between” early and pre-cinema, film and photography, viewing and screening.
Period20 Oct 2021
Event title13th International Seminar on the Origins and History of Cinema: Virtual Worlds in Early Cinema: Devices, Aesthetics and Audiences
Event typeConference
Conference number13
LocationGirona, SpainShow on map
Degree of RecognitionInternational


  • Kinora
  • media history
  • intermediality
  • pre-cinema
  • early cinema
  • experimental media archaeology