Summarizing as retrieval strategy versus re-reading. Which learning activity works

  • Kim Dirkx (Speaker)
  • Liesbeth Kester (Speaker)
  • Kirschner, P. (Speaker)

    Activity: Talk or presentation typesOral presentationAcademic

    Description

    Retrieval by means of multiple-choice, free-recall or short-answer tests has shown to be a very effective study strategy for long-term retention of facts from expository texts. Because today’s education emphasizes meaningful learning rather than rote learning, the present research investigated the effects of two generative testing methods namely summarizing and concept mapping on retention, comprehension and transfer and compared these methods to free-recall and restudy. Students (N=146) were given a Biology text and either reread it, or took a test on the material. A final test was administrated after 5 minutes (i.e., measure short term retention) or one week (i.e., measuring long-term retention). Before the experiment, students were trained in restudy or one of the three testing methods. In addition, prior knowledge, verbal ability and working memory were measured to correct for individual differences. Preliminary results show an superior effect of tests versus restudy on delayed retention. Final results will be presented during the Earli of 2011.
    Period30 Aug 2011
    Event title15th JURE Conference 2011
    Event typeConference
    LocationExeter, United Kingdom
    Degree of RecognitionInternational