综合学习的十个步骤* 教学与教学设计的新方式 [Ten Steps to Complex Learning - A New Approach to Instruction and Instructional Design]

Paul A. Kirschner, Jeroen Van Merriënboer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Complex learning aims to integrate learners’ knowledge, skills and attitudes and to facilitate the learning transference and elastic application. Complex learning is a sort of holistic-oriented design, by which three common problems in atomistic design, namely, compartmentalization, fragmentation, and the transfer paradox, could be solved. The framework of complex learning contains four elements: designing learning tasks, designing supportive information, designing procedural information, and designing part-task practice. In addition, the framework is matched with six operational sectors, including sequencing task classes, setting performance objectives, analyzing cognitive strategies, analyzing mental models, analyzing cognitive rules, and analyzing prerequisite knowledge. As the nature of complex learning, dynamic recycle and need-based design reflect its instructional characteristics concerning the whole-task learning and appropriate guidance.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)34-41
    JournalContemporary Teacher Education
    Volume5
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2012

    Keywords

    • 4C-ID
    • Instructional Design

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