A meta-analysis of the relationship of academic performance and Social Network Site use among adolescents and young adults

Dong Liu, Paul A. Kirschner*, Aryn C. Karpinski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This meta-analysis explores the relationship between SNS-use and academic performance. Examination of the literature containing quantitative measurements of both SNS-use and academic performance produced a sample of 28 effects sizes (N ¼ 101,441) for review. Results indicated a significant negative relationship between SNS-use and academic performance. Further moderation analysis points to test type as an important source of variability in the relationship. We found a negative correlation between SNS-use and GPA, while a positive one for SNS-use and language test. Moreover, we found that the relationship of SNS-use and GPA was more strongly negative in females and college students.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-157
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Publication statusPublished - 2017



  • Social network site
  • SNS
  • SNS-use
  • Academic performance
  • meta-analysis

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