A Motivational Perspective on the Relation between Mental Effort and Performance: Optimizing Learner Involvement in Instruction

Fred Paas*, Juhani Tuovinen, J.J.G. van Merrienboer, Dabbas Darabi

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Motivation can be identified as a dimension that determines learning success and causes the high dropout rate among online learners, especially in complex e-learning environments. It is argued that these learning environments represent a new challenge to cognitive load researchers to investigate the motivational effects of instructional conditions and help instructional designers to predict which instructional configurations will maximize learning and transfer. Consistent with the efficiency perspective introduced by Paas and Van Merriënboer (1993), an alternative motivational perspective of the relation between mental effort and performance is presented. We propose a procedure to compute and visualize the differential effects of instructional conditions on learner motivation and illustrate this procedure on the basis of an existing data set. Theoretical and practical implications of the motivational perspective are discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)25-34
    Number of pages10
    JournalEtr&D-Educational Technology Research and Development
    Volume53
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2005

    Keywords

    • Motivation
    • Learner involvement
    • cognitive load
    • performance

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