An exploration of social networking site use, multitasking, and academic performance among United States and European university students

Aryn C. Karpinski, Paul A. Kirschner, Ipek Ozer, Jennifer A. Mellott, Pius Ochwo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Studies have shown that multitasking with technology, specifically using Social Networking Sites (SNSs), decreases both efficiency and productivity in an academic setting. This study investigates multitasking’s impact on the relationship between SNS use and Grade Point Average (GPA) in United States (US; n = 451) and European (n = 406) university students using quantitative and qualitative data analysis. Moderated Multiple Regression analysis results showed that the negative relationship between SNS use and GPA was moderated by multitasking only in the US sample. This may be due to European students being less prone to ‘‘disruptive’’ multitasking. The results provide valuable cautionary information about the impact of multitasking and using SNSs in a learning environment on university students’ GPAs.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1182-1192
    Number of pages11
    JournalComputers in Human Behavior
    Volume29
    Issue number3
    Early online date9 Nov 2012
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2013

    Keywords

    • Social networking sites
    • Academic performance
    • Multitasking

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