Approach and avoidance temperament: An examination of its construct and predictive validity at work

Tanja Bipp*, Ad Kleingeld, Karen Van Dam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In four studies, we investigated the factorial structure and the construct and predictive validity of the approach-avoidance temperament questionnaire (ATQ, Elliot & Thrash, 2010) for attitudes and behavior at work. In Study 1 (N = 395 university students), we showed that a Dutch translation of the ATQ can be best described by a two-factorial structure. In Study 2 (N = 295 senior-year students), we documented approach and avoidance temperament as predictor of students’ career adaptability and engagement. In Study 3 (N = 103 employees), we demonstrated that approach and avoidance temperament have incremental predictive validity for work engagement beyond goal orientation (three-dimensional model). In Study 4 (N = 93 employees), approach temperament was positively related to peer ratings of job performance, independent of achievement goals (four-dimensional model). Overall, we showed that individual differences in terms of a predisposition for the orientation and reaction to positive/negative stimuli across situations can be used to increase our understanding of behavior at work. Our results support the practical utility of approach and avoidance temperament for work settings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-206
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychological Assessment
Volume33
Early online date30 Oct 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Temperament
Students
Individuality

Keywords

  • Approach/avoidance temperament
  • predictive validity
  • career adaptability
  • work engagement
  • job performance

Cite this

@article{d9e08651b2f242b597616faef5e60a73,
title = "Approach and avoidance temperament: An examination of its construct and predictive validity at work",
abstract = "In four studies, we investigated the factorial structure and the construct and predictive validity of the approach-avoidance temperament questionnaire (ATQ, Elliot & Thrash, 2010) for attitudes and behavior at work. In Study 1 (N = 395 university students), we showed that a Dutch translation of the ATQ can be best described by a two-factorial structure. In Study 2 (N = 295 senior-year students), we documented approach and avoidance temperament as predictor of students’ career adaptability and engagement. In Study 3 (N = 103 employees), we demonstrated that approach and avoidance temperament have incremental predictive validity for work engagement beyond goal orientation (three-dimensional model). In Study 4 (N = 93 employees), approach temperament was positively related to peer ratings of job performance, independent of achievement goals (four-dimensional model). Overall, we showed that individual differences in terms of a predisposition for the orientation and reaction to positive/negative stimuli across situations can be used to increase our understanding of behavior at work. Our results support the practical utility of approach and avoidance temperament for work settings.",
keywords = "Approach/avoidance temperament, predictive validity, career adaptability, work engagement, job performance",
author = "Tanja Bipp and Ad Kleingeld and {Van Dam}, Karen",
note = "exported from refbase (http://publicaties.ou.nl/show.php?record=1955), last updated on Wed, 06 Dec 2017 12:52:52 +0100",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1027/1015-5759/a000285",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "196--206",
journal = "European Journal of Psychological Assessment",
issn = "1015-5759",
publisher = "Hogrefe Publishing",

}

Approach and avoidance temperament: An examination of its construct and predictive validity at work. / Bipp, Tanja; Kleingeld, Ad; Van Dam, Karen.

In: European Journal of Psychological Assessment, Vol. 33, 2017, p. 196-206.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Approach and avoidance temperament: An examination of its construct and predictive validity at work

AU - Bipp, Tanja

AU - Kleingeld, Ad

AU - Van Dam, Karen

N1 - exported from refbase (http://publicaties.ou.nl/show.php?record=1955), last updated on Wed, 06 Dec 2017 12:52:52 +0100

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - In four studies, we investigated the factorial structure and the construct and predictive validity of the approach-avoidance temperament questionnaire (ATQ, Elliot & Thrash, 2010) for attitudes and behavior at work. In Study 1 (N = 395 university students), we showed that a Dutch translation of the ATQ can be best described by a two-factorial structure. In Study 2 (N = 295 senior-year students), we documented approach and avoidance temperament as predictor of students’ career adaptability and engagement. In Study 3 (N = 103 employees), we demonstrated that approach and avoidance temperament have incremental predictive validity for work engagement beyond goal orientation (three-dimensional model). In Study 4 (N = 93 employees), approach temperament was positively related to peer ratings of job performance, independent of achievement goals (four-dimensional model). Overall, we showed that individual differences in terms of a predisposition for the orientation and reaction to positive/negative stimuli across situations can be used to increase our understanding of behavior at work. Our results support the practical utility of approach and avoidance temperament for work settings.

AB - In four studies, we investigated the factorial structure and the construct and predictive validity of the approach-avoidance temperament questionnaire (ATQ, Elliot & Thrash, 2010) for attitudes and behavior at work. In Study 1 (N = 395 university students), we showed that a Dutch translation of the ATQ can be best described by a two-factorial structure. In Study 2 (N = 295 senior-year students), we documented approach and avoidance temperament as predictor of students’ career adaptability and engagement. In Study 3 (N = 103 employees), we demonstrated that approach and avoidance temperament have incremental predictive validity for work engagement beyond goal orientation (three-dimensional model). In Study 4 (N = 93 employees), approach temperament was positively related to peer ratings of job performance, independent of achievement goals (four-dimensional model). Overall, we showed that individual differences in terms of a predisposition for the orientation and reaction to positive/negative stimuli across situations can be used to increase our understanding of behavior at work. Our results support the practical utility of approach and avoidance temperament for work settings.

KW - Approach/avoidance temperament

KW - predictive validity

KW - career adaptability

KW - work engagement

KW - job performance

U2 - 10.1027/1015-5759/a000285

DO - 10.1027/1015-5759/a000285

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 196

EP - 206

JO - European Journal of Psychological Assessment

JF - European Journal of Psychological Assessment

SN - 1015-5759

ER -