Associations between affect and alcohol consumption in adults: an ecological momentary assessment study

Mira Duif*, Viviane Thewissen, Saskia Wouters, Lilian Lechner, Nele Jacobs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Consuming alcohol for coping with negative affect (NA) or enhancing positive affect (PA) may lead to risky drinking patterns. Previous research has yielded mixed findings regarding these affective drinking associations. Objectives: To examine support for the self-medication and expectancy models of alcohol use in an adult community sample, by examining reciprocal associations between alcohol consumption and NA and PA within and between persons. Methods: During seven consecutive days, 162 adults from the community (109 female) reported their affective experiences and alcohol consumption, following a signal contingent ecological momentary assessment protocol on their smartphones. Results: Within-person daily NA preceding the first drinking event was associated with increased likelihood of same-day alcohol consumption. Within-person momentary NA was associated with a decrease in the amount of next-moment alcohol consumption. Within-person momentary PA was positively associated with likelihood of next-moment alcohol consumption. Between persons, levels of daily and momentary NA and PA were not associated with any index of alcohol consumption. The intercepts and slopes of NA were not significantly different before and after alcohol consumption. The intercept of PA was higher after alcohol consumption, whereas the slope of PA decreased after alcohol consumption. Conclusion: In the current sample affective drinking was a within-person process (i.e. persons were sensitive to their varying levels of affect). Some support was found for the self-medication and expectancy models. People may drink for coping with NA, but may also be at risk for developing affective drinking patterns in response to PA.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Early online date20 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Aug 2019

Fingerprint

Alcohol Drinking
Drinking
Self Medication
Ecological Momentary Assessment
Alcohols

Keywords

  • Alcohol consumption
  • affect
  • smartphone
  • ecological momentary assessment
  • DRINKING MOTIVES
  • MODEL
  • MOOD
  • EXPECTANCIES
  • ENHANCEMENT
  • VARIABILITY
  • MODERATE
  • DISEASE
  • STRESS

Cite this

@article{a6ba550a95464deea2d63b74d1c23196,
title = "Associations between affect and alcohol consumption in adults: an ecological momentary assessment study",
abstract = "Background: Consuming alcohol for coping with negative affect (NA) or enhancing positive affect (PA) may lead to risky drinking patterns. Previous research has yielded mixed findings regarding these affective drinking associations. Objectives: To examine support for the self-medication and expectancy models of alcohol use in an adult community sample, by examining reciprocal associations between alcohol consumption and NA and PA within and between persons. Methods: During seven consecutive days, 162 adults from the community (109 female) reported their affective experiences and alcohol consumption, following a signal contingent ecological momentary assessment protocol on their smartphones. Results: Within-person daily NA preceding the first drinking event was associated with increased likelihood of same-day alcohol consumption. Within-person momentary NA was associated with a decrease in the amount of next-moment alcohol consumption. Within-person momentary PA was positively associated with likelihood of next-moment alcohol consumption. Between persons, levels of daily and momentary NA and PA were not associated with any index of alcohol consumption. The intercepts and slopes of NA were not significantly different before and after alcohol consumption. The intercept of PA was higher after alcohol consumption, whereas the slope of PA decreased after alcohol consumption. Conclusion: In the current sample affective drinking was a within-person process (i.e. persons were sensitive to their varying levels of affect). Some support was found for the self-medication and expectancy models. People may drink for coping with NA, but may also be at risk for developing affective drinking patterns in response to PA.",
keywords = "Alcohol consumption, affect, smartphone, ecological momentary assessment, DRINKING MOTIVES, MODEL, MOOD, EXPECTANCIES, ENHANCEMENT, VARIABILITY, MODERATE, DISEASE, STRESS",
author = "Mira Duif and Viviane Thewissen and Saskia Wouters and Lilian Lechner and Nele Jacobs",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
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doi = "10.1080/00952990.2019.1635606",
language = "English",
journal = "American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse",
issn = "0095-2990",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations between affect and alcohol consumption in adults

T2 - an ecological momentary assessment study

AU - Duif, Mira

AU - Thewissen, Viviane

AU - Wouters, Saskia

AU - Lechner, Lilian

AU - Jacobs, Nele

PY - 2019/8/20

Y1 - 2019/8/20

N2 - Background: Consuming alcohol for coping with negative affect (NA) or enhancing positive affect (PA) may lead to risky drinking patterns. Previous research has yielded mixed findings regarding these affective drinking associations. Objectives: To examine support for the self-medication and expectancy models of alcohol use in an adult community sample, by examining reciprocal associations between alcohol consumption and NA and PA within and between persons. Methods: During seven consecutive days, 162 adults from the community (109 female) reported their affective experiences and alcohol consumption, following a signal contingent ecological momentary assessment protocol on their smartphones. Results: Within-person daily NA preceding the first drinking event was associated with increased likelihood of same-day alcohol consumption. Within-person momentary NA was associated with a decrease in the amount of next-moment alcohol consumption. Within-person momentary PA was positively associated with likelihood of next-moment alcohol consumption. Between persons, levels of daily and momentary NA and PA were not associated with any index of alcohol consumption. The intercepts and slopes of NA were not significantly different before and after alcohol consumption. The intercept of PA was higher after alcohol consumption, whereas the slope of PA decreased after alcohol consumption. Conclusion: In the current sample affective drinking was a within-person process (i.e. persons were sensitive to their varying levels of affect). Some support was found for the self-medication and expectancy models. People may drink for coping with NA, but may also be at risk for developing affective drinking patterns in response to PA.

AB - Background: Consuming alcohol for coping with negative affect (NA) or enhancing positive affect (PA) may lead to risky drinking patterns. Previous research has yielded mixed findings regarding these affective drinking associations. Objectives: To examine support for the self-medication and expectancy models of alcohol use in an adult community sample, by examining reciprocal associations between alcohol consumption and NA and PA within and between persons. Methods: During seven consecutive days, 162 adults from the community (109 female) reported their affective experiences and alcohol consumption, following a signal contingent ecological momentary assessment protocol on their smartphones. Results: Within-person daily NA preceding the first drinking event was associated with increased likelihood of same-day alcohol consumption. Within-person momentary NA was associated with a decrease in the amount of next-moment alcohol consumption. Within-person momentary PA was positively associated with likelihood of next-moment alcohol consumption. Between persons, levels of daily and momentary NA and PA were not associated with any index of alcohol consumption. The intercepts and slopes of NA were not significantly different before and after alcohol consumption. The intercept of PA was higher after alcohol consumption, whereas the slope of PA decreased after alcohol consumption. Conclusion: In the current sample affective drinking was a within-person process (i.e. persons were sensitive to their varying levels of affect). Some support was found for the self-medication and expectancy models. People may drink for coping with NA, but may also be at risk for developing affective drinking patterns in response to PA.

KW - Alcohol consumption

KW - affect

KW - smartphone

KW - ecological momentary assessment

KW - DRINKING MOTIVES

KW - MODEL

KW - MOOD

KW - EXPECTANCIES

KW - ENHANCEMENT

KW - VARIABILITY

KW - MODERATE

KW - DISEASE

KW - STRESS

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DO - 10.1080/00952990.2019.1635606

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JO - American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

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