Awareness is not enough. Pitfalls of learning analytics dashboards in the educational practice

Ioana Jivet, Maren Scheffel, Hendrik Drachsler, Marcus Specht

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingAcademicpeer-review

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It has been long argued that learning analytics has the potential to act as a "middle space" between the learning sciences and data analytics, creating technical possibilities for exploring the vast amount of data generated in online learning environments. One common learning analytics intervention is the learning dashboard, a support tool for teachers and learners alike that allows them to gain insight into the learning process. Although several related works have scrutinised the state-of-the-art in the eld of learning dashboards, none have addressed the theoretical foundation that should inform the design of such interventions. In this systematic literature review, we analyse the extent to which theories and models from learning sciences have been integrated into the development of learning dashboards aimed at learners. Our critical examination reveals the most common educational concepts and the context in which they have been applied. We find evidence that current designs foster competition between learners rather than knowledge mastery, offering misguided frames of reference for comparison.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationData Driven Approaches in Digital Education
Subtitle of host publication12th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2017, Tallinn, Estonia, September 12–15, 2017, Proceedings
EditorsÉlise Lavoué , Hendrik Drachsler , Katrien Verbert , Julien Broisin , Mar Pérez-Sanagustín
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer International Publishing AG
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-66610-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-66609-9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017
Event12th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning: Data Driven Approaches in Digital Education - Tallinn, Estonia
Duration: 12 Sep 201715 Sep 2017

Publication series

SeriesLecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)


Conference12th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning
Abbreviated titleEC-TEL 2017
Internet address


  • learning dashboards
  • learning theory
  • learning analytics
  • systematic review
  • learning science
  • social comparison
  • competition

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