Beliefs About Cannabis Use Among Male and Female Andalusian Adolescents

María-Carmen Torrejón-Guirado*, Shahab Jolani, Hein De Vries, Liesbeth Mercken, Marta Lima-Serrano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objectives: This study assessed potential differences between girls and boys in the prevalence rates of cannabis use, sociodemographic factors, and beliefs about cannabis use. Methods: 1,896 Andalusian adolescents aged 14-18 participated in an online survey based on the I-Change model. The survey assessed their beliefs about cannabis use, including attitudes, social influences, self-efficacy, action planning, and intention to use. Multivariate analyses of variance were then conducted to examine potential gender differences in these beliefs, while controlling for last month's cannabis use. Results: Significantly more boys used cannabis in the last month, had boyfriends/girlfriends, and had more pocket money compared to girls. Additionally, girls - in comparison to boys - were more convinced of the disadvantages of cannabis use, but were also more convinced of some of the advantages (such as freedom from boredom, and medicinal use), reported having less favorable social norms for cannabis use, had more female best friends using cannabis, and felt pressure to use cannabis from their female peers. Conclusion: These findings highlight the need for cannabis prevention programs to consider gender differences in beliefs about cannabis use. Programs should not only address general risk factors for cannabis use but also evaluate if their interventions effectively target beliefs that are particularly important for girls and boys.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1606911
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Publication statusPublished - May 2024


  • Humans
  • Adolescent
  • Male
  • Female
  • Sex Factors
  • Spain
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Adolescent Behavior/psychology
  • Self Efficacy
  • Marijuana Use/epidemiology
  • Sociodemographic Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Prevalence
  • Social Norms


Dive into the research topics of 'Beliefs About Cannabis Use Among Male and Female Andalusian Adolescents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this