Building communities for the exchange of learning objects: theoretical foundations and requirements

Rob Koper*, Kees Pannekeet, Maaike Hendriks, Hans Hummel

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    In order to reduce overall costs of developing high-quality digital courses (including both the content, and the learning and teaching activities), the exchange of learning objects has been recognized as a promising solution. This article makes an inventory of the issues involved in the exchange of learning objects within a community. It explores some basic theories, models and specifications and provides a theoretical framework containing the functional and non-functional requirements to establish an exchange system in the educational field. Three levels of requirements are discussed. First, the non-functional requirements that deals with the technical conditions to make learning objects interoperable. Second, some basic use cases (activities) are identified that must be facilitated to enable the technical exchange of learning objects, e.g. searching and adapting the objects. Third, some basic use cases are identified that are required to establish the exchange of learning objects in a community, e.g. policy management, information and training. The implications of this framework are then discussed, including recommendations concerning the identification of reward systems, role changes and evaluation instruments.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)21-35
    Number of pages15
    JournalResearch in Learning Technology
    Volume12
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2004

    Keywords

    • Exchange
    • Learning Objects
    • Learning Object Economy
    • Communities
    • Learning Design

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