Bullying in primary school

Ton Mooij

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


    This chapter is focussed on the bullying of, and by, Dutch students below age 13. The first questions to be answered are what is 'bullying', and how can it be distinguished from other types of disruptive behaviours? The answers to these questions are given by means of conceptual definitions, based on empirical research and the use of precise instrumentation to measure relevant bullying behaviours. Second, how common is bullying and being bullied among students aged 4-12 in preschools and primary schools? Third, what are the characteristics or variables that function either as correlates or as causes of bullying behaviour? Many risk and promotive factors may be relevant and are mentioned in intervention research to reduce bullying. The final, and probably most important question, focuses on systemic or sustainable prevention of bullying behaviour. Here I sketch a systemic multilevel prevention approach in preschool and primary schools in the Netherlands.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationTomorrow's Criminals
    Subtitle of host publicationThe Development of Child Delinquency and Effective Interventions
    EditorsRolf Loeber, N. Wim Slot, Peter van der Laan, Machteld Hoeve
    Number of pages12
    ISBN (Electronic)9781315550886
    ISBN (Print)9781138274518, 9780754671510
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2008


    • Bullying between pupils
    • Bullying the teacher
    • Prevalence
    • Causes
    • Elementary Education
    • Prevention
    • Early Childhood Education
    • Whole-school intervention


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