Business Models of Social Enterprises: Insight into Key Components and Value Creation

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The increasing pressure on people to do something for society, in combination with the need for financial turnover in order to survive, is seen as one of the dominant factors for the rise of social enterprises. However, there is still debate on how social enterprises create social value in addition to economic value and how this is reflected in the business model. In this case study research, we investigate how the key components of the business model of social enterprises contribute to the creation of social and economic value. The cases in this research create social and economic value through the mutually interacting operation of key components and their sub-components. This in-teracting effect focuses on the one hand on the alignment of the internal architecture, market and financial management with the mission. The mission statement serves as a guiding principle. Fur-thermore, realizing the highest possible profit is not a goal in itself for social entrepreneurs. Gener-ating profit serves the continuity of the company and the realization of social value. We also found that social enterprises can be configured as either market hybrids, blending hybrids, bridg-ing hybrids or coupling hybrids.
Original languageEnglish
Article number12750
Number of pages22
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021


  • business models
  • social enterprises
  • value creation
  • Social enterprises
  • Business models
  • Value creation


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