Changes of interaction during the development of a mathematical learning environment

DJ Hoek*, Koen Gravemeijer

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    Two research questions are answered: how did teacher instructional skills develop during a whole school year? What is the influence of this development on the interactions between students during the co-operative learning moments? From the analysis, it appeared that the teachers’ instruction changed from direct instruction to a more process and group-oriented coaching style, and that students started to work collaboratively,using the graphic calculator in an exploratory and investigative manner. This more process and group-oriented coaching style may have supported the change in the interaction pattern during this school year. The analysis showed that students gradually developed a more exploratory way of collaborating, confirming improved collaborative learning. At the commencement of the school year, students were focused on each other and did not argue much, while at the end, they were discussing with one another.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)393-411
    Number of pages19
    JournalJournal of Mathematics Teacher Education
    Issue number5
    Early online date6 May 2011
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011


    • Vocational education
    • Group work
    • Design research
    • Graphic calculator


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