Chronic stressors and burnout in Dutch police officers: Two studies into the complex role of coping self-efficacy

Liselotte Marina Josephine Eikenhout, Roos Delahaij, Karen Van Dam, Wim Kamphuis, Inge Leonie Hulshof, Joris Van Ruysseveldt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Introduction: Burnout complaints are high for Dutch police officers. According to Hobfoll’s Conservation of Resources theory, resources such as coping self-efficacy can play an important role in the burnout process. The aim of this study was to investigate the buffering effect of coping self-efficacy on burnout, as well as a possible depletion effect of burnout on coping self-efficacy. Methods: As such, this research consists of two studies namely, a two-wave study (N = 166) and three-wave study (N = 95) on Dutch police officers. They expand on previous research regarding coping resources and police burnout. Results: Both studies show that the chronic stressor, work scheduling, was positively associated with burnout. Also, coping self-efficacy weakened the effect of work scheduling (Study 1) and workload (Study 2) on burnout. Moreover, there was a direct negative relationship between burnout and coping self-efficacy. Discussion: The results indicate that burnout can lead to lower coping resources, initiating a potential cycle of resource loss and burnout. Further investigation into this depletion effect is required to provide police officers and organisations with tools to prevent burnout.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1054053
Number of pages13
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Early online date24 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - 16 Dec 2022


  • burnout
  • conservation of resources
  • coping self-efficacy
  • police officers
  • resource depletion


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