Cognitive Bias Modification Reduces Social Anxiety Symptoms in Socially Anxious Adolescents with Mild Intellectual Disabilities: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Anke M Klein, Elske Salemink, Eva de Hullu, Esther Houtkamp, Marlissa Papa, Mariët van der Molen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The goal of this study was to examine the effects of Cognitive Bias Modification training for Interpretation (CBM-I) in socially anxious adolescents with Mild Intellectual Disabilities (MID). A total of 69 socially anxious adolescents with MID were randomly assigned to either a positive or a neutral control-CMB-I-training. Training included five sessions in a 3-week period, and each session consisted of 40 training items. Adolescents in the positive training group showed a significant reduction in negative interpretation bias on the two interpretation bias tasks after training compared to adolescents in the control-training group. Furthermore, in contrast to the control-training group, adolescents in the positive training reported a significant reduction of their social anxiety symptoms 10 weeks post-training.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3116-3126
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume48
Issue number9
Early online date21 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

Fingerprint

Intellectual Disability
Anxiety
Randomized Controlled Trials
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Cognitive bias modification
  • Interpretation bias
  • Content-specificity
  • Social anxiety
  • Mild intellectual disability

Cite this

@article{e91770779e6e426fb12a319a9367f4aa,
title = "Cognitive Bias Modification Reduces Social Anxiety Symptoms in Socially Anxious Adolescents with Mild Intellectual Disabilities: A Randomized Controlled Trial",
abstract = "The goal of this study was to examine the effects of Cognitive Bias Modification training for Interpretation (CBM-I) in socially anxious adolescents with Mild Intellectual Disabilities (MID). A total of 69 socially anxious adolescents with MID were randomly assigned to either a positive or a neutral control-CMB-I-training. Training included five sessions in a 3-week period, and each session consisted of 40 training items. Adolescents in the positive training group showed a significant reduction in negative interpretation bias on the two interpretation bias tasks after training compared to adolescents in the control-training group. Furthermore, in contrast to the control-training group, adolescents in the positive training reported a significant reduction of their social anxiety symptoms 10 weeks post-training.",
keywords = "Cognitive bias modification, Interpretation bias, Content-specificity, Social anxiety, Mild intellectual disability",
author = "Klein, {Anke M} and Elske Salemink and {de Hullu}, Eva and Esther Houtkamp and Marlissa Papa and {van der Molen}, Mari{\"e}t",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1007/s10803-018-3579-9",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "3116--3126",
journal = "Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders",
issn = "0162-3257",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "9",

}

Cognitive Bias Modification Reduces Social Anxiety Symptoms in Socially Anxious Adolescents with Mild Intellectual Disabilities : A Randomized Controlled Trial. / Klein, Anke M; Salemink, Elske; de Hullu, Eva; Houtkamp, Esther; Papa, Marlissa; van der Molen, Mariët.

In: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Vol. 48, No. 9, 09.2018, p. 3116-3126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cognitive Bias Modification Reduces Social Anxiety Symptoms in Socially Anxious Adolescents with Mild Intellectual Disabilities

T2 - A Randomized Controlled Trial

AU - Klein, Anke M

AU - Salemink, Elske

AU - de Hullu, Eva

AU - Houtkamp, Esther

AU - Papa, Marlissa

AU - van der Molen, Mariët

PY - 2018/9

Y1 - 2018/9

N2 - The goal of this study was to examine the effects of Cognitive Bias Modification training for Interpretation (CBM-I) in socially anxious adolescents with Mild Intellectual Disabilities (MID). A total of 69 socially anxious adolescents with MID were randomly assigned to either a positive or a neutral control-CMB-I-training. Training included five sessions in a 3-week period, and each session consisted of 40 training items. Adolescents in the positive training group showed a significant reduction in negative interpretation bias on the two interpretation bias tasks after training compared to adolescents in the control-training group. Furthermore, in contrast to the control-training group, adolescents in the positive training reported a significant reduction of their social anxiety symptoms 10 weeks post-training.

AB - The goal of this study was to examine the effects of Cognitive Bias Modification training for Interpretation (CBM-I) in socially anxious adolescents with Mild Intellectual Disabilities (MID). A total of 69 socially anxious adolescents with MID were randomly assigned to either a positive or a neutral control-CMB-I-training. Training included five sessions in a 3-week period, and each session consisted of 40 training items. Adolescents in the positive training group showed a significant reduction in negative interpretation bias on the two interpretation bias tasks after training compared to adolescents in the control-training group. Furthermore, in contrast to the control-training group, adolescents in the positive training reported a significant reduction of their social anxiety symptoms 10 weeks post-training.

KW - Cognitive bias modification

KW - Interpretation bias

KW - Content-specificity

KW - Social anxiety

KW - Mild intellectual disability

U2 - 10.1007/s10803-018-3579-9

DO - 10.1007/s10803-018-3579-9

M3 - Article

C2 - 29680962

VL - 48

SP - 3116

EP - 3126

JO - Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

JF - Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

SN - 0162-3257

IS - 9

ER -