Competitive Retrieval Is Not a Prerequisite for Forgetting in the Retrieval Practice Paradigm.

Gino Camp, Sander Dalm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Retrieving information from memory can lead to forgetting of other, related information. The inhibition account of this retrieval-induced forgetting effect predicts that this form of forgetting occurs when competition arises between the practiced information and the related information, leading to inhibition of the related information. In the standard retrieval practice paradigm, a retrieval practice task is used in which participants retrieve the items based on a category-plus-stem cue (e.g., FRUIT-or___). In the current experiment, participants instead generated the target based on a cue in which the first 2 letters of the target were transposed (e.g., FRUIT-roange). This noncompetitive task also induced forgetting of unpracticed items from practiced categories. This finding is inconsistent with the inhibition account, which asserts that the forgetting effect depends on competitive retrieval. We argue that interference-based accounts of forgetting and the context-based account of retrieval-induced forgetting can account for this result.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-252
JournalCanadian Journal of Experimental Psychology
Volume70
Issue number3
Early online date16 Nov 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2016

Fingerprint

paradigm
interference
experiment

Keywords

  • retrieval-induced forgetting
  • memory
  • inhibition
  • competitive retrieval
  • retrieval-specificity

Cite this

@article{e51121390af24ea487a91f76ab81a135,
title = "Competitive Retrieval Is Not a Prerequisite for Forgetting in the Retrieval Practice Paradigm.",
abstract = "Retrieving information from memory can lead to forgetting of other, related information. The inhibition account of this retrieval-induced forgetting effect predicts that this form of forgetting occurs when competition arises between the practiced information and the related information, leading to inhibition of the related information. In the standard retrieval practice paradigm, a retrieval practice task is used in which participants retrieve the items based on a category-plus-stem cue (e.g., FRUIT-or___). In the current experiment, participants instead generated the target based on a cue in which the first 2 letters of the target were transposed (e.g., FRUIT-roange). This noncompetitive task also induced forgetting of unpracticed items from practiced categories. This finding is inconsistent with the inhibition account, which asserts that the forgetting effect depends on competitive retrieval. We argue that interference-based accounts of forgetting and the context-based account of retrieval-induced forgetting can account for this result.",
keywords = "retrieval-induced forgetting, memory, inhibition, competitive retrieval, retrieval-specificity",
author = "Gino Camp and Sander Dalm",
year = "2016",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1037/cep0000072",
language = "English",
volume = "70",
pages = "248--252",
journal = "Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology",
publisher = "Canadian Psychological Association",
number = "3",

}

Competitive Retrieval Is Not a Prerequisite for Forgetting in the Retrieval Practice Paradigm. / Camp, Gino; Dalm, Sander.

In: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Vol. 70, No. 3, 09.2016, p. 248-252.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Competitive Retrieval Is Not a Prerequisite for Forgetting in the Retrieval Practice Paradigm.

AU - Camp, Gino

AU - Dalm, Sander

PY - 2016/9

Y1 - 2016/9

N2 - Retrieving information from memory can lead to forgetting of other, related information. The inhibition account of this retrieval-induced forgetting effect predicts that this form of forgetting occurs when competition arises between the practiced information and the related information, leading to inhibition of the related information. In the standard retrieval practice paradigm, a retrieval practice task is used in which participants retrieve the items based on a category-plus-stem cue (e.g., FRUIT-or___). In the current experiment, participants instead generated the target based on a cue in which the first 2 letters of the target were transposed (e.g., FRUIT-roange). This noncompetitive task also induced forgetting of unpracticed items from practiced categories. This finding is inconsistent with the inhibition account, which asserts that the forgetting effect depends on competitive retrieval. We argue that interference-based accounts of forgetting and the context-based account of retrieval-induced forgetting can account for this result.

AB - Retrieving information from memory can lead to forgetting of other, related information. The inhibition account of this retrieval-induced forgetting effect predicts that this form of forgetting occurs when competition arises between the practiced information and the related information, leading to inhibition of the related information. In the standard retrieval practice paradigm, a retrieval practice task is used in which participants retrieve the items based on a category-plus-stem cue (e.g., FRUIT-or___). In the current experiment, participants instead generated the target based on a cue in which the first 2 letters of the target were transposed (e.g., FRUIT-roange). This noncompetitive task also induced forgetting of unpracticed items from practiced categories. This finding is inconsistent with the inhibition account, which asserts that the forgetting effect depends on competitive retrieval. We argue that interference-based accounts of forgetting and the context-based account of retrieval-induced forgetting can account for this result.

KW - retrieval-induced forgetting

KW - memory

KW - inhibition

KW - competitive retrieval

KW - retrieval-specificity

U2 - 10.1037/cep0000072

DO - 10.1037/cep0000072

M3 - Article

VL - 70

SP - 248

EP - 252

JO - Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology

JF - Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology

IS - 3

ER -