Competitive Retrieval Is Not a Prerequisite for Forgetting in the Retrieval Practice Paradigm.

Gino Camp, Sander Dalm

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    Retrieving information from memory can lead to forgetting of other, related information. The inhibition account of this retrieval-induced forgetting effect predicts that this form of forgetting occurs when competition arises between the practiced information and the related information, leading to inhibition of the related information. In the standard retrieval practice paradigm, a retrieval practice task is used in which participants retrieve the items based on a category-plus-stem cue (e.g., FRUIT-or___). In the current experiment, participants instead generated the target based on a cue in which the first 2 letters of the target were transposed (e.g., FRUIT-roange). This noncompetitive task also induced forgetting of unpracticed items from practiced categories. This finding is inconsistent with the inhibition account, which asserts that the forgetting effect depends on competitive retrieval. We argue that interference-based accounts of forgetting and the context-based account of retrieval-induced forgetting can account for this result.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)248-252
    JournalCanadian Journal of Experimental Psychology
    Issue number3
    Early online date16 Nov 2015
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2016


    • retrieval-induced forgetting
    • memory
    • inhibition
    • competitive retrieval
    • retrieval-specificity


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