Coping with acute stress in the military: The influence of coping style, coping efficacy and appraisal emotions

Roos Delahaij*, Karen Van Dam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


It is of utmost importance to better understand how professionals in high-risk organizations, such as the military and police, appraise and cope with acute stress situations. The goal of this two-wave study was to investigate the role of two individual characteristics, coping style and coping self-efficacy, for recruits’ appraisal emotions and subsequent coping behavior during a high-stress exercise at the end of a 18-33 week training period. Three different military samples were studied (officer cadets, special infantry and Marine corps recruits, and recruits). Multi-group comparison showed that coping style was directly related to coping behavior. Coping self-efficacy was indirectly related to coping behavior through threat and challenge emotions. Together, these findings provide insights for appraisal research and practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Publication statusPublished - 2017



  • coping
  • coping style
  • coping self-efficacy
  • military
  • appraisal emotions

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