Coping with acute stress in the military

The influence of coping style, coping efficacy and appraisal emotions

Roos Delahaij*, Karen Van Dam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

It is of utmost importance to better understand how professionals in high-risk organizations, such as the military and police, appraise and cope with acute stress situations. The goal of this two-wave study was to investigate the role of two individual characteristics, coping style and coping self-efficacy, for recruits’ appraisal emotions and subsequent coping behavior during a high-stress exercise at the end of a 18-33 week training period. Three different military samples were studied (officer cadets, special infantry and Marine corps recruits, and recruits). Multi-group comparison showed that coping style was directly related to coping behavior. Coping self-efficacy was indirectly related to coping behavior through threat and challenge emotions. Together, these findings provide insights for appraisal research and practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume119
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Psychological Adaptation
Emotions
Self Efficacy
Military Personnel
Police
Exercise
Research

Keywords

  • coping
  • coping style
  • coping self-efficacy
  • military
  • appraisal emotions

Cite this

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Coping with acute stress in the military : The influence of coping style, coping efficacy and appraisal emotions. / Delahaij, Roos; Van Dam, Karen.

In: Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 119, 2017, p. 13-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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