Based on the Job Demands-Resources model, it is argued that resilience serves as an antecedent of sustainable labor participation, at least when it comes to work engagement. However, scarce knowledge is available on possible reciprocal relations of resilience and aspects of sustainable labor participation over time. In this study, cross-lagged effects of resilience and indicators of sustainable labor participation are tested using a sample of Dutch police workers.Design/MethodologyA total of 573 Dutch police workers participated in a time-lagged survey design (time interval of 6 months) concerning their resilience and aspects of their sustainable labor participation, i.e., vitality, and a more objective indication of sick leave. Data were analyzed with structural equation modelling.ResultsResults indicate cross-lagged effects between resilience and vitality, with acceptable model fit. Thus, the level of resilience at T1 affected the level of vitality at T2, and vice versa. In addition, a negative effect of vitality on T1 was found on sick leave at T2. LimitationsMore measurements over time are needed to test reciprocal relations and overcome short term effects. Different samples are needed to assess generalizability.Research/Practical ImplicationsThe study reveals that resilience is important for the sustainable labor participation of police workers. Cross-lagged effects may indicate a reciprocal relation between resilience and vitality that can be further facilitated in practice. For example, resilience can be addressed explicitly in training.Originality/ValueThis study confirms the presence of cross-lagged effects of police workers’ resilience and their vitality at work.
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
|Event||EAWOP Conference - Dublin, Ireland|
Duration: 17 May 2017 → 20 May 2017
|Period||17/05/17 → 20/05/17|