De hoop van het vaderland: Cruisereizen voor Nederlandse jongens met het kampeerschip ms Tarakan in de jaren 1930

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This article discusses the popular, but scarcely investigated, Tarakan travels. These holiday trips for Dutch school boys and men were organized by the Dutch shipping company Stoomvaart Maatschappij Nederland (SMN) in the 1930’s. In the summers of 1935, 1936 and 1939 ms Tarakan set sail to Norway to give hundreds of boys the holiday of their lives. The Tarakan was called a ‘camp ship’. The simple accommodation and facilities of the cargo vessel made the Tarakan a ship on which the boys could camp at sea. The origin of the journeys is attributed to economic causes: the journeys were one of the activities by which the SMN tried to overcome the economic crisis of the 1930s. However, the advent of the trips cannot fully be understood from an economic perspective. Combining a variety of sources — travel journals, brochures, newspapers, letters, songbooks and company records — the cultural dimension of these travels will be analyzed. This article will discuss the activities onboard, how the trips were organized and with which organizations the SMN cooperated. Also similarities and differences between the Tarakan trips and the Jugendführerfahrten of the Hitlerjugend will be examined to answer the question of whether or not these journeys were unique within Europe. Together with a focus on the Dutch media and their reporting about the Tarakan travels, this research provides a reflection on the cultural meaning of these cruises for boys in the 1930’s.
Original languageDutch
Article number2
Pages (from-to)23-41
JournalTijdschrift voor Zeegeschiedenis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 9 May 2019


  • Youth tourism
  • jeugdtoerisme
  • Cruise history
  • cruisegeschiedenis

Research Output

'Meisjes samen op reis is iets heel anders dan jongens': Jeugdcruises en gender in de jaren 1930

Translated title of the contribution: 'Girls who travel together are something different to boys who travel together': Youth cruises and gender in the 1930svan der Zande, I., 26 Feb 2020, In : Tijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geschiedenis. 16, 3-4, p. 59-82 24 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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