Development of an improvisational music therapy intervention for young adults with depressive symptoms: An intervention mapping study

Sonja Aalbers, Annemieke Vink, Ruth E. Freeman, Kim Pattiselanno, Marinus Spreen, Susan van Hooren

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    Abstract

    Depression is a highly prevalent and seriously impairing disorder. Evidence suggests that music therapy candecrease depression, though the music therapy that is offered is often not clearly described in studies. Thepurpose of this study was to develop an improvisational music therapy intervention based on insights fromtheory, evidence and clinical practice for young adults with depressive symptoms. The Intervention Mappingmethod was used and resulted in (1) a model to explain how emotion dysregulation may affect depressivesymptoms using the Component Process Model (CPM) as a theoretical framework; (2) a model to clarify as tohow improvisational music therapy may change depressive symptoms using synchronisation and emotionalresonance; (3) a prototype Emotion-regulating Improvisational Music Therapy for Preventing Depressivesymptoms (EIMT-PD); (4) a ten-session improvisational music therapy manual aimed at improving emotionregulation and reducing depressive symptoms; (5) a program implementation plan; and (6) a summary of amultiple baseline study protocol to evaluate the effectiveness and principles of EIMT-PD. EIMT-PD, using synchronisation and emotional resonance may be a promising music therapy to improve emotion regulation and, inline with our expectations, reduce depressive symptoms. More research is needed to assess its effectiveness andprinciples
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number101584
    Pages (from-to)1-11
    Number of pages11
    JournalArts in Psychotherapy
    Volume65
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

    Keywords

    • Improvisational music therapy
    • Depressive symptoms
    • Emotion regulation
    • Young adults
    • Synchronisation
    • Intervention mapping

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