Ecosystem types: A systematic review on boundaries and goals

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Abstract

In the past few years, we have witnessed a reinvigorated interest by academics, practitioners and policymakers in the ecosystem concept. Recent reviews have set out to clarify the conceptual boundaries between ecosystem concepts. Yet there is still a lack of clarity when it comes to which ecosystem types can best help organisations achieve various goals. This systematic literature review advances our understanding of the conceptual boundaries between different ecosystems and, more importantly, identifies which types of ecosystems are suitable for achieving the goals. We focus on four commonly studied ecosystem types: business, innovation, entrepreneurship and knowledge ecosystems. The key findings centre on systematically demarcating the ecosystem types by accounting for (and distinguishing between) their conceptual boundaries and goals. The results show how multifaceted ecosystem goals are and reveal several shifts in the literature on ecosystem types over time. Our review establishes a thematic agenda for future research with practical outlook.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-164
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Business Research
Volume142
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Business ecosystem
  • Entrepreneurial ecosystem
  • Innovation ecosystem
  • Knowledge ecosystem
  • Systematic literature review
  • INNOVATION ECOSYSTEMS
  • ENTREPRENEURIAL ECOSYSTEMS
  • BUSINESS ECOSYSTEMS
  • VALUE CREATION
  • STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT
  • KNOWLEDGE ECOSYSTEMS
  • PERFORMANCE
  • INSIGHTS
  • ORGANIZATION
  • METHODOLOGY

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