Editorial: Resilience in the Space-Economy - in search of the X factor

Karima Kourtit*, Peter Nijkamp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialAcademicpeer-review


The ‘X Factor’ is a British reality show – broadcasted all over the world – in which a heterogeneous set of contestants showcase their musical talent so as to obtain the winning bid from a jury. The X factor refers to the critical condition that has the most significant influence on the final result. This popular television series on the X factor documents in an original way how several competing candidates in a performance contest steal the show. It is not only the professionality, originality or beauty which matters, but also many other – often immeasurable or invisible – factors, such as personality or motivation which play a role. The X factor is a complex determinant of a dynamic process or competition to win a tournament.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-11
Number of pages7
JournalEastern journal of european studies
Issue numberS1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


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