Effects of an Ambient Learning Display on Noise Levels and Perceived Learning in a Secondary School

Bernardo Tabuenca, Dirk Borner, Marco Kalz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Recent reviews addressing the impact of noise exposure in teaching and learning situations conclude negative effects on learning performance. Providing objective real-time feedback on noise is a key for teachers and students to adjust it into suitable levels. This experimental work presents the results from a study exploring the visual feedback based on noise level and the impact on students' (n = 198) perceived learning performance collected in 24 sessions. The results suggest persuasive effects of the ambient display on the groups and an improvement of noise awareness in students. Measurements of perceived learning-performance, and perceived noise were collected and correlated with the objective noise samples concluding poorer perceived learning performance in noisiest groups. Finally, implications for further research, as well as lessons learned to moderate noise levels in classrooms using ambient displays are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-80
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Ambient displays
  • feedback amplifiers
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • learning analytics
  • mobile agents
  • noise
  • smart learning environments


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