Effects of mobile gaming patterns on learning outcomes:A literature review

Birgit Schmitz, Roland Klemke, Marcus Specht

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    Within the past decade, a growing number of educational scientists have started to recognize the multifaceted potential that mobile learning games have as a tool for learning and teaching. This paper presents a review of current research on the topic to better understand game mechanisms with regard to learning outcomes. The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, we introduce a framework of analysis which is based on previous work on game design patterns for mobile games and on learning outcomes. The framework focuses on two aspects, motivation and knowledge gain. Second, we present a set of patterns which we identified in the literature and that positively influence these two aspects. Our results support the general assumption that mobile learning games have potential to enhance motivation. It reveals that game mechanisms such as Collaborative Actions or Augmented Reality provide incentive to get engaged with learning and/or a certain topic. With regard to knowledge gain, results are less comprehensive.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)345-358
    Number of pages14
    JournalInternational Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning
    Issue number5/6
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    • mobile games
    • mobile learning
    • serious games
    • game design patterns
    • learning outcomes
    • M-learning
    • mobile technologies
    • cellular communications
    • gaming patterns
    • game mechanisms
    • motivation
    • knowledge gain
    • collaborative actions
    • augmented reality
    • technology enhanced learning


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