Effects of studying sequences of process-oriented and product-oriented worked examples on troubleshooting transfer efficiency

Tamara Van Gog, Fred Paas, Jeroen Van Merriënboer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Whereas product-oriented worked examples only present a problem solution, process-oriented worked examples additionally explain the rationale behind the presented solution. Given the importance of understanding this rationale for attaining transfer, process-oriented worked examples would be expected to result in more efficient transfer. However, a previous study in the domain of electrical circuits troubleshooting suggested an expertise reversal effect: Process information might initially impose an effective cognitive load and lead to higher efficiency but may become redundant and impose an ineffective load when training progresses, which hampers efficiency. The present study confirmed this hypothesis. The results are discussed in terms of theoretical and practical implications for the design of optimal training sequences for complex cognitive tasks.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)211-222
    Number of pages11
    JournalLearning and Instruction
    Volume18
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

    Keywords

    • Process-oriented worked-out examples
    • Product-oriented worked-out examples
    • transfer efficiency

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