Emerging themes and future directions of multi-sector nexus research and implementation

Zarrar Kahn*, Edo Abraham, Stefan C. Dekker, Angelique Lansu, Srijan Aggarwal, Manal Ahmad Khan, Meghna Babbar-Sebens, Ricardo Arguello, Julia Lacal Bereslawski, Jeffrey M. Bielicki, Pietro Elia Campana, Maria Eugenia Silva Carrazone, Homero Castanier, Fi-John Chang, Pamela Collins, Adela Conchado, Koteswara Rao Dagani, Bassel Daher, Ricardo Delgado, Fabio A. DiuanaJonathan Doelman, Amin A. Elshorbagy, Chihhao Fan, Rossana Gaudioso, Solomon H. Gebrechorkos, Hatim M. E. Gelo, Emily Grubert, Daisy Huang, Tailin Huang, Ansir Ilyas, Aleksandr Ivakhnenko, Graham P. W. Jewitt, Maria João Ferreira dos Santos, J. Leah Jones, Elke Kellner, Elisabeth H. Krueger, Ipsita Kumar, Jonathan Lamontagne, Sanghyun Lee, Ruopu Li, Pedro Linares, Diego Marazza, María Pía Mascari, Ryan A. McManamay, Measrainsey Meng, Simone Mereu, Fernando Miralles-Wilhelm, Rabi Mohtar, Abubakr Muhammad, Adenike Kafayat Opejin, Saket Pande, Simon Parkinson, Raphaël Payet-Burin, Meenu Ramdas, Eunice Pereira Ramos, Sudatta Ray, Paula Roberts, Jon Sampedro, Kelly T. Sanders, Marzieh Hassanzadeh Saray, Jennifer Schmidt, Margaret Shanafield, Sauleh Siddiqui, Micaelo Suriano, Makoto Taniguchi, Antonio Trabucco, Marta Tuninetti, Adriano Vinca, Björn Weeser, Dave D. White, Thomas B. Wild, Kamini Yadav, Nithiyanandam Yogeswaran, Tokuta Yokohata, Qin Yue

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Water, energy, and food are all essential components of human societies. Collectively, their respective resource systems are interconnected in what is called the “nexus”. There is growing consensus that a holistic understanding of the interdependencies and trade-offs between these sectors and other related systems is critical to solving many of the global challenges they present. While nexus research has grown exponentially since 2011, there is no unified, overarching approach, and the implementation of concepts remains hampered by the lack of clear case studies. Here, we present the results of a collaborative thought exercise involving 75 scientists and summarize them into 10 key recommendations covering: the most critical nexus issues of today, emerging themes, and where future efforts should be directed. We conclude that a nexus community of practice to promote open communication among researchers, to maintain and share standardized datasets, and to develop applied case studies will facilitate transparent comparisons of models and encourage the adoption of nexus approaches in practice.
Original languageEnglish
Article number918085
Number of pages11
JournalFrontiers in Environmental Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 11 Aug 2022


  • energy
  • food
  • multi-sector
  • nexus
  • water


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