Emoticons and social interaction on the Internet: the importance of social context

Daantje Derks*, Arjan E. R. Bos, Jasper von Grumbkow

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    The present study examines the influence of social context on the use of emoticons in Internet communication. Secondary school students (N = 158) responded to short internet chats. Social context (task-oriented vs. socio-emotional) and valence of the context (positive vs. negative) were manipulated in these chats. Participants were permitted to respond with text, emoticon or a combination of both. Results showed that participants used more emoticons in socio-emotional than in task-oriented social contexts. Furthermore, students used more positive emoticons in positive contexts and more negative emoticons in negative contexts. An interaction was found between valence and kind of context; in negative, task-oriented contexts subjects used the least emoticons. Results are related to research about the expression of emotions in face-to-face interaction. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)842-849
    Number of pages8
    JournalComputers in Human Behavior
    Volume23
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007

    Keywords

    • emoticons
    • emotions
    • social interaction
    • social context
    • Internet
    • COMPUTER-MEDIATED COMMUNICATION
    • ELECTRONIC MAIL
    • EMOTION

    Cite this

    @article{589587f414724c3c97389fab1681d3cc,
    title = "Emoticons and social interaction on the Internet: the importance of social context",
    abstract = "The present study examines the influence of social context on the use of emoticons in Internet communication. Secondary school students (N = 158) responded to short internet chats. Social context (task-oriented vs. socio-emotional) and valence of the context (positive vs. negative) were manipulated in these chats. Participants were permitted to respond with text, emoticon or a combination of both. Results showed that participants used more emoticons in socio-emotional than in task-oriented social contexts. Furthermore, students used more positive emoticons in positive contexts and more negative emoticons in negative contexts. An interaction was found between valence and kind of context; in negative, task-oriented contexts subjects used the least emoticons. Results are related to research about the expression of emotions in face-to-face interaction. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
    keywords = "emoticons, emotions, social interaction, social context, Internet, COMPUTER-MEDIATED COMMUNICATION, ELECTRONIC MAIL, EMOTION",
    author = "Daantje Derks and Bos, {Arjan E. R.} and {von Grumbkow}, Jasper",
    year = "2007",
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    language = "English",
    volume = "23",
    pages = "842--849",
    journal = "Computers in Human Behavior",
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    Emoticons and social interaction on the Internet : the importance of social context. / Derks, Daantje; Bos, Arjan E. R.; von Grumbkow, Jasper.

    In: Computers in Human Behavior, Vol. 23, No. 1, 01.2007, p. 842-849.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Emoticons and social interaction on the Internet

    T2 - the importance of social context

    AU - Derks, Daantje

    AU - Bos, Arjan E. R.

    AU - von Grumbkow, Jasper

    PY - 2007/1

    Y1 - 2007/1

    N2 - The present study examines the influence of social context on the use of emoticons in Internet communication. Secondary school students (N = 158) responded to short internet chats. Social context (task-oriented vs. socio-emotional) and valence of the context (positive vs. negative) were manipulated in these chats. Participants were permitted to respond with text, emoticon or a combination of both. Results showed that participants used more emoticons in socio-emotional than in task-oriented social contexts. Furthermore, students used more positive emoticons in positive contexts and more negative emoticons in negative contexts. An interaction was found between valence and kind of context; in negative, task-oriented contexts subjects used the least emoticons. Results are related to research about the expression of emotions in face-to-face interaction. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    AB - The present study examines the influence of social context on the use of emoticons in Internet communication. Secondary school students (N = 158) responded to short internet chats. Social context (task-oriented vs. socio-emotional) and valence of the context (positive vs. negative) were manipulated in these chats. Participants were permitted to respond with text, emoticon or a combination of both. Results showed that participants used more emoticons in socio-emotional than in task-oriented social contexts. Furthermore, students used more positive emoticons in positive contexts and more negative emoticons in negative contexts. An interaction was found between valence and kind of context; in negative, task-oriented contexts subjects used the least emoticons. Results are related to research about the expression of emotions in face-to-face interaction. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    KW - emoticons

    KW - emotions

    KW - social interaction

    KW - social context

    KW - Internet

    KW - COMPUTER-MEDIATED COMMUNICATION

    KW - ELECTRONIC MAIL

    KW - EMOTION

    U2 - 10.1016/j.chb.2004.11.013

    DO - 10.1016/j.chb.2004.11.013

    M3 - Article

    VL - 23

    SP - 842

    EP - 849

    JO - Computers in Human Behavior

    JF - Computers in Human Behavior

    SN - 0747-5632

    IS - 1

    ER -