Emotion-driven impulsiveness and snack food consumption of European adolescents: Results from the I.Family study

J.M.J. Coumans, U.N. Danner, T. Intemann, A. de Decker, C. Hadjigeorgiou, M. Hunsberger, L.A. Moreno, P. Russo, S. Stomfai, T. Veidebaum, R.A.H. Adan, A. Hebestreit*, I.Family Consortium

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We aimed to investigate the association between emotion-driven impulsiveness and snack food consumption in 1039 European adolescents aged 12-18 years. During the cross-sectional examination in 2013/2014, complete information was collected on: emotion-driven impulsiveness (using the negative urgency subscale from the Urgency, Premeditation, Perseverance, Sensation seeking, and Positive urgency (UPPS-P) Impulsive Behaviour Scale) and snacking behaviour operationalised as 1) consumption frequency of daily snacks, 2) consumption frequency of energy-dense snacks (both measured using Food Frequency Questionnaire) and 3) usual energy intake of food consumed per snacking occasion in calories. The latter was measured using online self-administered 24-h dietary recalls and was estimated based on the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Method. Anthropometric variables were measured and BMI z-score (zBMI) calculated. Age, sex, highest education level of the family and country of residence were assessed using a questionnaire. Mixed-effect regression analyses were separately conducted for each snacking behaviour outcome with emotion-driven impulsiveness as the exposure. After controlling for zBMI, age, sex, country and socioeconomic status, emotion-driven impulsiveness was positively associated with daily consumption frequency of snacks (beta = 0.07, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) [0.02, 0.12]) and consumption frequency of energy-dense snacks (beta = 0.25, 95% CI [0.19, 0.311), but not with usual energy intake of food per snacking (beta = 2.52, 95% CI [-0.55, 5.59]). Adolescents with a stronger emotion-driven impulsiveness tendency reported a higher snacking frequency and specifically more energy-dense snacks, whereas the energy intake of snack food seemed less important. These findings have implications for obesity prevention and treatment as they indicate the importance of targeting emotion-driven impulsiveness as a strategy to avoid excessive snacking. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-159
Number of pages8
JournalAppetite
Volume123
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

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Snacks
Emotions
Energy Intake
Confidence Intervals
Food
Sex Education
National Cancer Institute (U.S.)
Impulsive Behavior
Social Class

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • CHILDREN
  • Children
  • DIETARY-INTAKE
  • EATING BEHAVIOR
  • ENERGY-INTAKE
  • Energy-dense snacks
  • Europe
  • MOOD
  • NEGATIVE URGENCY
  • Negative urgency
  • OBESITY
  • QUESTIONNAIRE
  • RASH ACTION
  • SELF-CONTROL
  • Snacking frequency

Cite this

Coumans, J. M. J., Danner, U. N., Intemann, T., de Decker, A., Hadjigeorgiou, C., Hunsberger, M., ... I.Family Consortium (2018). Emotion-driven impulsiveness and snack food consumption of European adolescents: Results from the I.Family study. Appetite, 123, 152-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2017.12.018
Coumans, J.M.J. ; Danner, U.N. ; Intemann, T. ; de Decker, A. ; Hadjigeorgiou, C. ; Hunsberger, M. ; Moreno, L.A. ; Russo, P. ; Stomfai, S. ; Veidebaum, T. ; Adan, R.A.H. ; Hebestreit, A. ; I.Family Consortium. / Emotion-driven impulsiveness and snack food consumption of European adolescents: Results from the I.Family study. In: Appetite. 2018 ; Vol. 123. pp. 152-159.
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abstract = "We aimed to investigate the association between emotion-driven impulsiveness and snack food consumption in 1039 European adolescents aged 12-18 years. During the cross-sectional examination in 2013/2014, complete information was collected on: emotion-driven impulsiveness (using the negative urgency subscale from the Urgency, Premeditation, Perseverance, Sensation seeking, and Positive urgency (UPPS-P) Impulsive Behaviour Scale) and snacking behaviour operationalised as 1) consumption frequency of daily snacks, 2) consumption frequency of energy-dense snacks (both measured using Food Frequency Questionnaire) and 3) usual energy intake of food consumed per snacking occasion in calories. The latter was measured using online self-administered 24-h dietary recalls and was estimated based on the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Method. Anthropometric variables were measured and BMI z-score (zBMI) calculated. Age, sex, highest education level of the family and country of residence were assessed using a questionnaire. Mixed-effect regression analyses were separately conducted for each snacking behaviour outcome with emotion-driven impulsiveness as the exposure. After controlling for zBMI, age, sex, country and socioeconomic status, emotion-driven impulsiveness was positively associated with daily consumption frequency of snacks (beta = 0.07, 95{\%} Confidence Interval (CI) [0.02, 0.12]) and consumption frequency of energy-dense snacks (beta = 0.25, 95{\%} CI [0.19, 0.311), but not with usual energy intake of food per snacking (beta = 2.52, 95{\%} CI [-0.55, 5.59]). Adolescents with a stronger emotion-driven impulsiveness tendency reported a higher snacking frequency and specifically more energy-dense snacks, whereas the energy intake of snack food seemed less important. These findings have implications for obesity prevention and treatment as they indicate the importance of targeting emotion-driven impulsiveness as a strategy to avoid excessive snacking. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
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author = "J.M.J. Coumans and U.N. Danner and T. Intemann and {de Decker}, A. and C. Hadjigeorgiou and M. Hunsberger and L.A. Moreno and P. Russo and S. Stomfai and T. Veidebaum and R.A.H. Adan and A. Hebestreit and {I.Family Consortium}",
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Coumans, JMJ, Danner, UN, Intemann, T, de Decker, A, Hadjigeorgiou, C, Hunsberger, M, Moreno, LA, Russo, P, Stomfai, S, Veidebaum, T, Adan, RAH, Hebestreit, A & I.Family Consortium 2018, 'Emotion-driven impulsiveness and snack food consumption of European adolescents: Results from the I.Family study', Appetite, vol. 123, pp. 152-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2017.12.018

Emotion-driven impulsiveness and snack food consumption of European adolescents: Results from the I.Family study. / Coumans, J.M.J.; Danner, U.N.; Intemann, T.; de Decker, A.; Hadjigeorgiou, C.; Hunsberger, M.; Moreno, L.A.; Russo, P.; Stomfai, S.; Veidebaum, T.; Adan, R.A.H.; Hebestreit, A.; I.Family Consortium.

In: Appetite, Vol. 123, 01.04.2018, p. 152-159.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Emotion-driven impulsiveness and snack food consumption of European adolescents: Results from the I.Family study

AU - Coumans, J.M.J.

AU - Danner, U.N.

AU - Intemann, T.

AU - de Decker, A.

AU - Hadjigeorgiou, C.

AU - Hunsberger, M.

AU - Moreno, L.A.

AU - Russo, P.

AU - Stomfai, S.

AU - Veidebaum, T.

AU - Adan, R.A.H.

AU - Hebestreit, A.

AU - I.Family Consortium

PY - 2018/4/1

Y1 - 2018/4/1

N2 - We aimed to investigate the association between emotion-driven impulsiveness and snack food consumption in 1039 European adolescents aged 12-18 years. During the cross-sectional examination in 2013/2014, complete information was collected on: emotion-driven impulsiveness (using the negative urgency subscale from the Urgency, Premeditation, Perseverance, Sensation seeking, and Positive urgency (UPPS-P) Impulsive Behaviour Scale) and snacking behaviour operationalised as 1) consumption frequency of daily snacks, 2) consumption frequency of energy-dense snacks (both measured using Food Frequency Questionnaire) and 3) usual energy intake of food consumed per snacking occasion in calories. The latter was measured using online self-administered 24-h dietary recalls and was estimated based on the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Method. Anthropometric variables were measured and BMI z-score (zBMI) calculated. Age, sex, highest education level of the family and country of residence were assessed using a questionnaire. Mixed-effect regression analyses were separately conducted for each snacking behaviour outcome with emotion-driven impulsiveness as the exposure. After controlling for zBMI, age, sex, country and socioeconomic status, emotion-driven impulsiveness was positively associated with daily consumption frequency of snacks (beta = 0.07, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) [0.02, 0.12]) and consumption frequency of energy-dense snacks (beta = 0.25, 95% CI [0.19, 0.311), but not with usual energy intake of food per snacking (beta = 2.52, 95% CI [-0.55, 5.59]). Adolescents with a stronger emotion-driven impulsiveness tendency reported a higher snacking frequency and specifically more energy-dense snacks, whereas the energy intake of snack food seemed less important. These findings have implications for obesity prevention and treatment as they indicate the importance of targeting emotion-driven impulsiveness as a strategy to avoid excessive snacking. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - We aimed to investigate the association between emotion-driven impulsiveness and snack food consumption in 1039 European adolescents aged 12-18 years. During the cross-sectional examination in 2013/2014, complete information was collected on: emotion-driven impulsiveness (using the negative urgency subscale from the Urgency, Premeditation, Perseverance, Sensation seeking, and Positive urgency (UPPS-P) Impulsive Behaviour Scale) and snacking behaviour operationalised as 1) consumption frequency of daily snacks, 2) consumption frequency of energy-dense snacks (both measured using Food Frequency Questionnaire) and 3) usual energy intake of food consumed per snacking occasion in calories. The latter was measured using online self-administered 24-h dietary recalls and was estimated based on the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Method. Anthropometric variables were measured and BMI z-score (zBMI) calculated. Age, sex, highest education level of the family and country of residence were assessed using a questionnaire. Mixed-effect regression analyses were separately conducted for each snacking behaviour outcome with emotion-driven impulsiveness as the exposure. After controlling for zBMI, age, sex, country and socioeconomic status, emotion-driven impulsiveness was positively associated with daily consumption frequency of snacks (beta = 0.07, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) [0.02, 0.12]) and consumption frequency of energy-dense snacks (beta = 0.25, 95% CI [0.19, 0.311), but not with usual energy intake of food per snacking (beta = 2.52, 95% CI [-0.55, 5.59]). Adolescents with a stronger emotion-driven impulsiveness tendency reported a higher snacking frequency and specifically more energy-dense snacks, whereas the energy intake of snack food seemed less important. These findings have implications for obesity prevention and treatment as they indicate the importance of targeting emotion-driven impulsiveness as a strategy to avoid excessive snacking. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - Body mass index

KW - CHILDREN

KW - Children

KW - DIETARY-INTAKE

KW - EATING BEHAVIOR

KW - ENERGY-INTAKE

KW - Energy-dense snacks

KW - Europe

KW - MOOD

KW - NEGATIVE URGENCY

KW - Negative urgency

KW - OBESITY

KW - QUESTIONNAIRE

KW - RASH ACTION

KW - SELF-CONTROL

KW - Snacking frequency

U2 - 10.1016/j.appet.2017.12.018

DO - 10.1016/j.appet.2017.12.018

M3 - Article

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SP - 152

EP - 159

JO - Appetite

JF - Appetite

SN - 0195-6663

ER -