Equine-assisted activities and the impact on perceived social support, self-esteem and self-efficacy among adolescents - an intervention study

Hilde Hauge, Ingela L Kvalem, Bente Berget, Marie-José Enders-Slegers, Bjarne O Braastad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In this project, we examined the effect of a 4-month intervention with horses on perceived social support, self-esteem and general self-efficacy among Norwegian adolescents aged 12-15 years. The intervention took place at farm-based stables and included work with the horses and riding. A waiting-list crossover design was used and the participants answered questionnaires at three time periods. Study I (N = 49) examined the effect of the intervention compared with the control group. Study II (N = 41) examined the relationship between the same psychological variables and change in mastering skills with horse. The intervention group reported a significant increase in perceived social support compared with the control group. There were no differences in self-esteem and general self-efficacy between the groups. The results from study II showed that a lower level of perceived social support prior to the intervention predicted an increase in mastering skills with the horse during the intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Adolescence and Youth
Volume19
Issue number1
Early online date13 Apr 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

Fingerprint

Self Efficacy
Self Concept
Social Support
Horses
self-esteem
self-efficacy
social support
adolescent
Control Groups
Waiting Lists
Group
Cross-Over Studies
Psychology
farm
questionnaire

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • horses
  • intervention
  • social support
  • equine-assisted activities

Cite this

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title = "Equine-assisted activities and the impact on perceived social support, self-esteem and self-efficacy among adolescents - an intervention study",
abstract = "In this project, we examined the effect of a 4-month intervention with horses on perceived social support, self-esteem and general self-efficacy among Norwegian adolescents aged 12-15 years. The intervention took place at farm-based stables and included work with the horses and riding. A waiting-list crossover design was used and the participants answered questionnaires at three time periods. Study I (N = 49) examined the effect of the intervention compared with the control group. Study II (N = 41) examined the relationship between the same psychological variables and change in mastering skills with horse. The intervention group reported a significant increase in perceived social support compared with the control group. There were no differences in self-esteem and general self-efficacy between the groups. The results from study II showed that a lower level of perceived social support prior to the intervention predicted an increase in mastering skills with the horse during the intervention.",
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Equine-assisted activities and the impact on perceived social support, self-esteem and self-efficacy among adolescents - an intervention study. / Hauge, Hilde; Kvalem, Ingela L; Berget, Bente; Enders-Slegers, Marie-José; Braastad, Bjarne O.

In: International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, Vol. 19, No. 1, 03.2014, p. 1-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Enders-Slegers, Marie-José

AU - Braastad, Bjarne O

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AB - In this project, we examined the effect of a 4-month intervention with horses on perceived social support, self-esteem and general self-efficacy among Norwegian adolescents aged 12-15 years. The intervention took place at farm-based stables and included work with the horses and riding. A waiting-list crossover design was used and the participants answered questionnaires at three time periods. Study I (N = 49) examined the effect of the intervention compared with the control group. Study II (N = 41) examined the relationship between the same psychological variables and change in mastering skills with horse. The intervention group reported a significant increase in perceived social support compared with the control group. There were no differences in self-esteem and general self-efficacy between the groups. The results from study II showed that a lower level of perceived social support prior to the intervention predicted an increase in mastering skills with the horse during the intervention.

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