Evolution of MOOC designs, providers and learners and the related MOOC research and publications from 2008 to 2018

Christian M. Stracke*, Aras Bozkurt

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Article in proceedingAcademicpeer-review


    Massive Open Online Courses emerged in 2008 as a result of openness movement in education and drew a lot of attention by 2011 when MOOCs were adopted by higher education institutions and used as a mean to deliver knowledge and educational content. Though MOOCs have a recent history, much has been articulated and MOOCs are claimed to be a revolution in education while some others claimed that MOOCs are a hype that will eventually fade away. In this context, this research aims to investigate MOOC research by reviewing MOOC literature. The findings of the study suggest that MOOC interest tend to continue, and the evidence-based empirical MOOC research is increasing steadily. MOOC research area is dominated mostly by educational research; however, other research areas demonstrate that there is an interest from other research areas which is thought to be promising. Regional interest demonstrates that USA, Spain and UK are leading countries; and most interest stems from developed countries with Anglo-Saxon cultures. Likewise, the leading higher education institutions in MOOC research are located in Europe or USA. It is also promising that nearly half of the MOOC research is funded by stated agencies. The study concludes that MOOCs are evolving and, based on research findings, it is moving from Slope of Enlightenment to Plateau of Productivity in Gartner hype cycle.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationInternational Open and Distance Learning Conference Proceedings Book [= Uluslararası Açık ve Uzaktan Öğrenme Konferansı bildiri kitabı]
    Subtitle of host publication14-15-16 kasım/november 2019
    Place of PublicationEskişehir
    PublisherAnadolu Universitesi
    Number of pages8
    ISBN (Electronic)9789750636776
    Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2019
    EventInternational Open and Distance Learning (IODL) Conference - Open Anadolu University, Eskişehir, Turkey
    Duration: 14 Nov 201916 Nov 2019


    ConferenceInternational Open and Distance Learning (IODL) Conference
    Abbreviated titleIODL 2019
    Internet address


    • MOOCs
    • Massive Open Online Courses
    • MOOC research
    • MOOC designs
    • MOOC providers
    • MOOC learners
    • MOOC history
    • MOOQ


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