‘Explain It to a Beginner!’ Effects of Model Instruction on Learning with Eye Movement Modeling Examples

S.N. Emhardt, H.M. Jarodzka, Christian Drumm, Tamara Van Gog, S. Brand - Gruwel

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractAcademic

Abstract

Eye-movement modeling example (EMME) videos show the expert’s eye-movements (i.e., the focus of attention) while h/she demonstrates how to perform a task. EMMEs often have found to guide learners’ attention and foster their learning. One potential influencing factor on EMME’s effectiveness might be its concrete design. However, clear design guidelines on how to create an optimal EMME are missing. For instance, some (expert) models received the instruction to behave ‘didactically’ when creating an EMME. Recently, we (Authors, in prep.) found that the instruction to behave didactically clearly changes (programming) experts' non-verbal behavior and thus, the EMME videos. Consequently, our next study uses EMME videos about code debugging to investigate the effect of model instruction (non-didactical EMME vs. didactical EMME) on novices’ learning and video evaluation. Ideas on the study design will be presented at the ICO NSS19. Our findings may provide researchers and practitioners with guidelines on how to create more effective EMME videos.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventICO National Spring School 2019 - De Griffioen, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 14 Mar 201915 Mar 2019

Conference

ConferenceICO National Spring School 2019
Abbreviated titleICO NSS 2019
CountryNetherlands
CityAmsterdam
Period14/03/1915/03/19

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Eye movements
Concretes

Keywords

  • Video-based learning, eye tracking, Eye Movement Modeling Examples, instructional design

Cite this

Emhardt, S.N. ; Jarodzka, H.M. ; Drumm, Christian ; Van Gog, Tamara ; Brand - Gruwel, S. / ‘Explain It to a Beginner!’ Effects of Model Instruction on Learning with Eye Movement Modeling Examples. Abstract from ICO National Spring School 2019, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
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title = "‘Explain It to a Beginner!’ Effects of Model Instruction on Learning with Eye Movement Modeling Examples",
abstract = "Eye-movement modeling example (EMME) videos show the expert’s eye-movements (i.e., the focus of attention) while h/she demonstrates how to perform a task. EMMEs often have found to guide learners’ attention and foster their learning. One potential influencing factor on EMME’s effectiveness might be its concrete design. However, clear design guidelines on how to create an optimal EMME are missing. For instance, some (expert) models received the instruction to behave ‘didactically’ when creating an EMME. Recently, we (Authors, in prep.) found that the instruction to behave didactically clearly changes (programming) experts' non-verbal behavior and thus, the EMME videos. Consequently, our next study uses EMME videos about code debugging to investigate the effect of model instruction (non-didactical EMME vs. didactical EMME) on novices’ learning and video evaluation. Ideas on the study design will be presented at the ICO NSS19. Our findings may provide researchers and practitioners with guidelines on how to create more effective EMME videos.",
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year = "2019",
language = "English",
note = "ICO National Spring School 2019, ICO NSS 2019 ; Conference date: 14-03-2019 Through 15-03-2019",

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Emhardt, SN, Jarodzka, HM, Drumm, C, Van Gog, T & Brand - Gruwel, S 2019, '‘Explain It to a Beginner!’ Effects of Model Instruction on Learning with Eye Movement Modeling Examples' ICO National Spring School 2019, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 14/03/19 - 15/03/19, .

‘Explain It to a Beginner!’ Effects of Model Instruction on Learning with Eye Movement Modeling Examples. / Emhardt, S.N.; Jarodzka, H.M.; Drumm, Christian; Van Gog, Tamara; Brand - Gruwel, S.

2019. Abstract from ICO National Spring School 2019, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractAcademic

TY - CONF

T1 - ‘Explain It to a Beginner!’ Effects of Model Instruction on Learning with Eye Movement Modeling Examples

AU - Emhardt, S.N.

AU - Jarodzka, H.M.

AU - Drumm, Christian

AU - Van Gog, Tamara

AU - Brand - Gruwel, S.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Eye-movement modeling example (EMME) videos show the expert’s eye-movements (i.e., the focus of attention) while h/she demonstrates how to perform a task. EMMEs often have found to guide learners’ attention and foster their learning. One potential influencing factor on EMME’s effectiveness might be its concrete design. However, clear design guidelines on how to create an optimal EMME are missing. For instance, some (expert) models received the instruction to behave ‘didactically’ when creating an EMME. Recently, we (Authors, in prep.) found that the instruction to behave didactically clearly changes (programming) experts' non-verbal behavior and thus, the EMME videos. Consequently, our next study uses EMME videos about code debugging to investigate the effect of model instruction (non-didactical EMME vs. didactical EMME) on novices’ learning and video evaluation. Ideas on the study design will be presented at the ICO NSS19. Our findings may provide researchers and practitioners with guidelines on how to create more effective EMME videos.

AB - Eye-movement modeling example (EMME) videos show the expert’s eye-movements (i.e., the focus of attention) while h/she demonstrates how to perform a task. EMMEs often have found to guide learners’ attention and foster their learning. One potential influencing factor on EMME’s effectiveness might be its concrete design. However, clear design guidelines on how to create an optimal EMME are missing. For instance, some (expert) models received the instruction to behave ‘didactically’ when creating an EMME. Recently, we (Authors, in prep.) found that the instruction to behave didactically clearly changes (programming) experts' non-verbal behavior and thus, the EMME videos. Consequently, our next study uses EMME videos about code debugging to investigate the effect of model instruction (non-didactical EMME vs. didactical EMME) on novices’ learning and video evaluation. Ideas on the study design will be presented at the ICO NSS19. Our findings may provide researchers and practitioners with guidelines on how to create more effective EMME videos.

KW - Video-based learning, eye tracking, Eye Movement Modeling Examples, instructional design

M3 - Abstract

ER -

Emhardt SN, Jarodzka HM, Drumm C, Van Gog T, Brand - Gruwel S. ‘Explain It to a Beginner!’ Effects of Model Instruction on Learning with Eye Movement Modeling Examples. 2019. Abstract from ICO National Spring School 2019, Amsterdam, Netherlands.