Fostering Information Problem Solving Skills: Effects of Worked Examples and Learner Support

Jimmy Frerejean, Saskia Brand-Gruwel, Paul A. Kirschner

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

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    Abstract

    Even though students often manage to find their way around the internet in their search for information; information problem solving skills do not develop naturally. Previous research shows that adults and teenagers often encounter problems when solving information problems, indicating that formal training in this domain is needed. This study was an attempt to develop such training. A two-hour computer based instruction was presented to 99 first-year university students at a Belgian university. The effects of worked examples in the form of a video were investigated in combination with different degrees of integrated learner support, namely completion problems and process guidance. Results show that the instruction was effective, but no differences were found between the different forms of learner support: completion problems, guidance, or no support. This indicates that in this situation, integration of learner support may not always be necessary. Furthermore, students who received no worked example improved much less than students in the other conditions, indicating that worked examples are a powerful and effective tool for skill teaching.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages2
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013
    Event15th Biennial Conference EARLI 2013: Responsible Teaching and Sustainable Learning - TUM School of Education, Munich, Germany
    Duration: 27 Aug 201331 Aug 2013
    https://earli.org/sites/default/files/2017-03/BookOfAbstracts2013_cover.pdf

    Conference

    Conference15th Biennial Conference EARLI 2013
    Abbreviated titleEARLI 2013
    Country/TerritoryGermany
    CityMunich
    Period27/08/1331/08/13
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • information problem solving
    • completion problems
    • emphasis manipulation
    • worked-out examples

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