Group-based Emotions in Teams of Humans and Robots

Filipa Correia, Samuel Mascarenhas, Rui Prada, Francisco Melo, Ana Paiva

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Providing social robots an internal model of emotions can help them guide their behaviour in a more humane manner by simulating the ability to feel empathy towards others. Furthermore, the growing interest in creating robots that are capable of collaborating with other humans in team settings provides an opportunity to explore another side of human emotion, namely, group-based emotions. This paper contributes with the first model on group-based emotions in social robotic partners. We defined a model of group-based emotions for social robots that allowed us to create two distinct robotic characters that express either individual or group-based emotions. This paper also contributes with a user study where two autonomous robots embedded the previous characters, and formed two human-robot teams to play a competitive game. Our results showed that participants perceived the robot that expresses groupbased emotions as more likeable and attributed higher levels of group identification and group trust towards their teams, when compared to the robotic partner that expresses individual-based emotions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHRI ’18- Proceedings of the 2018 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction
    PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
    Pages261-269
    Number of pages9
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4503-4953-6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018
    Event2018 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction: HRI2018 - Chicago, United States
    Duration: 5 Mar 20188 Mar 2018
    http://humanrobotinteraction.org/2018/proceedings/

    Conference

    Conference2018 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction
    CountryUnited States
    CityChicago
    Period5/03/188/03/18
    Internet address

    Fingerprint

    Robots
    Robotics

    Keywords

    • human-robot teamwork
    • emotion
    • inter-group interactions
    • group effects
    • identification
    • self-categorisation
    • trust

    Cite this

    Correia, F., Mascarenhas, S., Prada, R., Melo, F., & Paiva, A. (2018). Group-based Emotions in Teams of Humans and Robots. In HRI ’18- Proceedings of the 2018 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (pp. 261-269). Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). https://doi.org/10.1145/3171221.3171252
    Correia, Filipa ; Mascarenhas, Samuel ; Prada, Rui ; Melo, Francisco ; Paiva, Ana. / Group-based Emotions in Teams of Humans and Robots. HRI ’18- Proceedings of the 2018 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018. pp. 261-269
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    title = "Group-based Emotions in Teams of Humans and Robots",
    abstract = "Providing social robots an internal model of emotions can help them guide their behaviour in a more humane manner by simulating the ability to feel empathy towards others. Furthermore, the growing interest in creating robots that are capable of collaborating with other humans in team settings provides an opportunity to explore another side of human emotion, namely, group-based emotions. This paper contributes with the first model on group-based emotions in social robotic partners. We defined a model of group-based emotions for social robots that allowed us to create two distinct robotic characters that express either individual or group-based emotions. This paper also contributes with a user study where two autonomous robots embedded the previous characters, and formed two human-robot teams to play a competitive game. Our results showed that participants perceived the robot that expresses groupbased emotions as more likeable and attributed higher levels of group identification and group trust towards their teams, when compared to the robotic partner that expresses individual-based emotions.",
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    author = "Filipa Correia and Samuel Mascarenhas and Rui Prada and Francisco Melo and Ana Paiva",
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    Correia, F, Mascarenhas, S, Prada, R, Melo, F & Paiva, A 2018, Group-based Emotions in Teams of Humans and Robots. in HRI ’18- Proceedings of the 2018 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), pp. 261-269, 2018 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, Chicago, United States, 5/03/18. https://doi.org/10.1145/3171221.3171252

    Group-based Emotions in Teams of Humans and Robots. / Correia, Filipa; Mascarenhas, Samuel; Prada, Rui; Melo, Francisco; Paiva, Ana.

    HRI ’18- Proceedings of the 2018 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018. p. 261-269.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingAcademicpeer-review

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    Correia F, Mascarenhas S, Prada R, Melo F, Paiva A. Group-based Emotions in Teams of Humans and Robots. In HRI ’18- Proceedings of the 2018 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). 2018. p. 261-269 https://doi.org/10.1145/3171221.3171252