Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Recent research emphasizes the importance of habit in explaining patterns of energy intake and choices of consumption. However, the nature of the association between habit strength and snacking has not been explored for all types of between-meal snacks.

DESIGN: Multilevel linear techniques were used to: (i) examine the association between habit strength and moment-to-moment energy intake (kilocalories) from snacks in daily life; and (ii) determine whether gender, age, level of education and BMI moderate the association between habit strength and moment-to-moment energy intake from snacks. A smartphone application based on the experience sampling method was used to map momentary between-meal snack intake in the context of daily life. Demographics and habit strength were assessed with an online composite questionnaire.

SETTING: This research was performed in the Netherlands in the natural environment of participants' daily life.

SUBJECTS: Adults (n 269) aged 20-50 years.

RESULTS: Habit strength was significantly associated with moment-to-moment energy intake from between-meal snacks in daily life: the higher the strength of habit to snack between meals, the higher the amount of momentary energy intake from snacks. The association between habit strength and moment-to-moment energy intake from snacks was moderated by education level. Additional analyses showed that habit strength was significantly associated with moment-to-moment energy intake from between-meal snacks in the low to middle level of education group.

CONCLUSIONS: It is recommended to address habitual between-meal snacking in future interventions targeting low- to middle-educated individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2595-2605
Number of pages11
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume21
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

Fingerprint

Snacks
Habits
Meals
Education
Energy Intake
Research
Netherlands
Demography

Cite this

@article{899cc494ef3a4a47b3c340a5a1833db0,
title = "Habit strength and between-meal snacking in daily life: the moderating role of level of education",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Recent research emphasizes the importance of habit in explaining patterns of energy intake and choices of consumption. However, the nature of the association between habit strength and snacking has not been explored for all types of between-meal snacks.DESIGN: Multilevel linear techniques were used to: (i) examine the association between habit strength and moment-to-moment energy intake (kilocalories) from snacks in daily life; and (ii) determine whether gender, age, level of education and BMI moderate the association between habit strength and moment-to-moment energy intake from snacks. A smartphone application based on the experience sampling method was used to map momentary between-meal snack intake in the context of daily life. Demographics and habit strength were assessed with an online composite questionnaire.SETTING: This research was performed in the Netherlands in the natural environment of participants' daily life.SUBJECTS: Adults (n 269) aged 20-50 years.RESULTS: Habit strength was significantly associated with moment-to-moment energy intake from between-meal snacks in daily life: the higher the strength of habit to snack between meals, the higher the amount of momentary energy intake from snacks. The association between habit strength and moment-to-moment energy intake from snacks was moderated by education level. Additional analyses showed that habit strength was significantly associated with moment-to-moment energy intake from between-meal snacks in the low to middle level of education group.CONCLUSIONS: It is recommended to address habitual between-meal snacking in future interventions targeting low- to middle-educated individuals.",
author = "Saskia Wouters and Viviane Thewissen and Mira Duif and {van Bree}, {Rob Jh} and Lilian Lechner and Nele Jacobs",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1017/S1368980018001283",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "2595--2605",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
issn = "1368-9800",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "14",

}

Habit strength and between-meal snacking in daily life : the moderating role of level of education. / Wouters, Saskia; Thewissen, Viviane; Duif, Mira; van Bree, Rob Jh; Lechner, Lilian; Jacobs, Nele.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 21, No. 14, 10.2018, p. 2595-2605.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Habit strength and between-meal snacking in daily life

T2 - the moderating role of level of education

AU - Wouters, Saskia

AU - Thewissen, Viviane

AU - Duif, Mira

AU - van Bree, Rob Jh

AU - Lechner, Lilian

AU - Jacobs, Nele

PY - 2018/10

Y1 - 2018/10

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Recent research emphasizes the importance of habit in explaining patterns of energy intake and choices of consumption. However, the nature of the association between habit strength and snacking has not been explored for all types of between-meal snacks.DESIGN: Multilevel linear techniques were used to: (i) examine the association between habit strength and moment-to-moment energy intake (kilocalories) from snacks in daily life; and (ii) determine whether gender, age, level of education and BMI moderate the association between habit strength and moment-to-moment energy intake from snacks. A smartphone application based on the experience sampling method was used to map momentary between-meal snack intake in the context of daily life. Demographics and habit strength were assessed with an online composite questionnaire.SETTING: This research was performed in the Netherlands in the natural environment of participants' daily life.SUBJECTS: Adults (n 269) aged 20-50 years.RESULTS: Habit strength was significantly associated with moment-to-moment energy intake from between-meal snacks in daily life: the higher the strength of habit to snack between meals, the higher the amount of momentary energy intake from snacks. The association between habit strength and moment-to-moment energy intake from snacks was moderated by education level. Additional analyses showed that habit strength was significantly associated with moment-to-moment energy intake from between-meal snacks in the low to middle level of education group.CONCLUSIONS: It is recommended to address habitual between-meal snacking in future interventions targeting low- to middle-educated individuals.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Recent research emphasizes the importance of habit in explaining patterns of energy intake and choices of consumption. However, the nature of the association between habit strength and snacking has not been explored for all types of between-meal snacks.DESIGN: Multilevel linear techniques were used to: (i) examine the association between habit strength and moment-to-moment energy intake (kilocalories) from snacks in daily life; and (ii) determine whether gender, age, level of education and BMI moderate the association between habit strength and moment-to-moment energy intake from snacks. A smartphone application based on the experience sampling method was used to map momentary between-meal snack intake in the context of daily life. Demographics and habit strength were assessed with an online composite questionnaire.SETTING: This research was performed in the Netherlands in the natural environment of participants' daily life.SUBJECTS: Adults (n 269) aged 20-50 years.RESULTS: Habit strength was significantly associated with moment-to-moment energy intake from between-meal snacks in daily life: the higher the strength of habit to snack between meals, the higher the amount of momentary energy intake from snacks. The association between habit strength and moment-to-moment energy intake from snacks was moderated by education level. Additional analyses showed that habit strength was significantly associated with moment-to-moment energy intake from between-meal snacks in the low to middle level of education group.CONCLUSIONS: It is recommended to address habitual between-meal snacking in future interventions targeting low- to middle-educated individuals.

U2 - 10.1017/S1368980018001283

DO - 10.1017/S1368980018001283

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 2595

EP - 2605

JO - Public Health Nutrition

JF - Public Health Nutrition

SN - 1368-9800

IS - 14

ER -