Hearing impairment and psychosis revisited

Viviane Thewissen, Inez Myin-Germeys, Richard Bentall, Ron de Graaf, Wilma Vollebergh, Jim van Os

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The previously reported but still poorly investigated link between deafness or hearing impairment (DHI) and the onset of positive psychotic experiences was investigated prospectively in a general population sample. Of the 109 DHI subjects at baseline, 11 (10.1%) displayed psychotic experiences at T(2) versus 137 (2.9%) of the non-DHI subjects (OR=3.8, 95% CI: 2.0, 7.2). This effect size was only slightly attenuated after adjustment for baseline psychotic experiences (OR=3.2, 95% CI: 1.6, 6.5) and after adjustment for T(0) psychotic experiences and a range of other confounders (OR=3.0, 95% CI: 1.4, 6.2) These results confirm previous findings of an association between hearing impairments and psychosis and show that this association can also be found prospectively in a nonclinical population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-103
Number of pages5
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume76
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2005

Keywords

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Cohort Studies
  • Comorbidity
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Deafness/epidemiology
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Hearing Loss/epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Prospective Studies
  • Psychotic Disorders/epidemiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Statistics as Topic

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