How remote working increases the importance of positive leadership for employee vigor

Marjolein C.J. Caniëls*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Introduction: Leadership is essential for creating a healthy and happy work environment for employees. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, working remotely from home has become prevalent for many employees, which challenges leaders to reach out to their followers even if these followers are not physically at work. Drawing on positive psychology theories, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between positive leadership and psychological energy (i.e., vigor), and particularly the extent in which this relationship is affected by whether employees are working from home, as well as the tenure of the leader-follower relationship. Methods: A two-wave time-lagged study design is used with a sample of 186 followers. Results: Findings indicate that the effect of positive leadership on followers’ vigor is especially strong when employees work from home, and even more so when leaders and followers have a long lasting work relationship. Discussion: The study shows that positive leadership behaviors are positively related to employee vigor. Such positive leadership behaviors consist of praising follower’s individual performance, personally thanking followers, cheering them up, and helping them with specified tasks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1089557
Number of pages10
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2023


  • COVID-19
  • positive leadership
  • psychological energy
  • remote working
  • turbulent times
  • vigor
  • well-being


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