The human scale development (HSD) approach focuses on directly satisfying fundamental human needs, rather than using material proxies such as income or living standards. This chapter expands on the framework of HSD by incorporating an environmental sustainability dimension and broadening its scope. The concept of ‘eco-efficient satisfiers’ is visualised through expanded system boundaries and connected to concepts such as life cycle thinking, systems thinking, socio-economic metabolism and the theory of capitals. This updated version of HSD is referred to as ‘human scale sustainable development’ (HSSD), which evaluates the role of socio-economic metabolism in need satisfaction, based on how development paradigms use, transform, and distribute natural, social, and cultural capitals. The goal is to use HSD to influence wider sustainability discussions and provide a framework for achieving sustainable well-being for all within planetary boundaries. The chapter also explores ways to operationalise HSSD, including monitoring its effectiveness, integrating it into decision-making and democracy, and considering its potential consequences. Overall, HSSD has the potential to uncover cross-cutting solutions and its benefits outweigh the potential risks, but tensions may arise between individual freedom and implementing this approach in capitalist societies.
|Title of host publication||Beyond Ecological Economics and Development|
|Subtitle of host publication||Critical Reflections on the Thought of Manfred Max-Neef|
|Editors||Luis Valenzuela, María del Valle Barrera|
|Publisher||Taylor and Francis AS|
|Number of pages||18|
|ISBN (Print)||978-1-032-46326-1, 978-1-032-46323-0|
|Publication status||Published - 2023|