“I see what you’re saying": Intrusive images from listening to a traumatic verbal report

J. Krans*, G. Näring, E.A. Holmes, E.S. Becker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


We tested the hypothesis that intrusive visual images could develop from listening to a traumatic verbal report. Eighty-six participants listened to a traumatic verbal report under one of three conditions: while shaping plasticine (visuospatial condition), while performing articulatory suppression (verbal condition), or with no extra task (control condition). Results showed that intrusive visual images developed from listening to the traumatic report. In line with the idea that central executive processes guide encoding of information, intrusion frequency was reduced in both the visuospatial and the verbal condition compared to the no task control condition. Overall. this pattern is similar to intrusive images from a traumatic film as found in earlier studies. This study provides a valuable addition to models of posttraumatic stress disorder and autobiographical memory. Additionally, the results have potential implications for therapists working with traumatized individuals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-140
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes


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