In the eyes of the beholder: How experts and novices interpret dynamic stimuli

Halszka Jarodzka, Tamara Van Gog, Katharina Scheiter, Peter Gerjets

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    Tasks with a complex, dynamic visual component require not only the acquisition of conceptual/procedural but also of perceptual/attentional skills. This study examined expertise differences in perceiving and interpreting complex, dynamic visual stimuli on a performance and on a process level, including perceptual and conceptual strategies. Performance, eye movement, and verbal report data were obtained from seven experts and 14 novices. Results show that experts compared to novices attend more to relevant aspects of the stimulus, use more heterogeneous task approaches, and use knowledge-based shortcuts. Implications for instructional design for the acquisition of perceptual skills are discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)146-154
    Number of pages9
    JournalLearning and Instruction
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010


    • expertise
    • eye tracking
    • verbal reports
    • instructional design


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