Integrating adult attachment scales and vulnerability factors in depression

R. Van Geel, T. Houtmans, P. Verboon, T. Laumen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    The factorial structure of a combined set of items about adult attachment orientation and depressive personality vul-nerabilities was examined. By employing exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis in two nonclinical samples (N = 661, N = 528), a six-factor model emerged covering three higher-order dimensions: (I) attachment anxiety (concern what others think, pleasing and dependency/difficulty with being alone); (II) attachment avoidance (avoidance of intimacy and lack of trust); and (III) need for control/independence. These (sub)factors portray the interpersonal problems of the insecure attachment prototypes, as well as the anaclitic and introjective depressive personality proto-types. Path analysis showed that two anxiety-sociotropy subscales (concern and pleasing) and two avoidance-autonomy subscales (distrust and control) emerged as significant predictors of BDI depression. Notably, close in-spection of the six-factor model challenges the original composition of several subscales of the two questionnaires involved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)51-63
    Number of pages13
    JournalInternational Journal of Personality Psychology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 23 Dec 2016


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