Job insecurity and employee performance: examining different types of performance, rating sources and levels

Irina Nikolova*, Dave Stynen, Hermina Van Coillie, Hans De Witte

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

We examine the relationship between job insecurity (JI) and performance (i.e., adaptivity, proactivity, task performance) from a multilevel perspective. We suggest that different behavioural responses will be triggered depending on whether the JI refers to an employee’s relative JI within a team or a team’s collective JI. An individual employee’s relative JI within a team may evoke a withdrawal reaction (i.e., diminished performance) because the individual experiences the insecurity as a personal issue (one which does not affect the rest of the team as much; i.e., a “person-at-risk” situation). However, when JI is experienced as a collective phenomenon (one that affects the entire team as a whole because of the shared context, i.e., a “job-at-risk” situation), employees may demonstrate higher performance as they are driven by job preservation motives. We incorporated both individual employee and supervisor ratings as they have complementary value in evaluating performance. Data was obtained from 53 teams, including 403 employees and 53 supervisors. Team’s collective JI was associated with higher supervisor-rated performance at the team-level, both in terms of adaptivity and proactivity but not in terms of task performance. The employee’s relative JI within a team was associated with reduced self-rated performance in terms of both adaptivity and task performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-726
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Volume31
Issue number5
Early online date7 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Job insecurity climate
  • performance
  • adaptivity
  • proactivity
  • task performance
  • IMPRESSION-MANAGEMENT TACTICS
  • ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP
  • METAANALYTIC TEST
  • CHALLENGE
  • IMPACT
  • SELF
  • SUPERVISOR
  • STRESSORS
  • BEHAVIOR
  • DEMANDS

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