Learning from multimedia and hypermedia

Peter Gerjets*, Paul Kirschner

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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    Computer-based multimedia and hypermedia resources (e.g., the world wide web) have become one of the primary sources of academic information for a majority of pupils and students. In line with this expansion in the field of education, the scientific study of learning from multimedia and hypermedia has become a very active field of research. In this chapter we provide a short overview with regard to research on learning with multimedia and hypermedia. In two review sections, we describe the educational benefits of multiple representations and of learner control, as these are the two defining characteristics of hypermedia. In a third review section we describe recent scientific trends in the field of multimedia/hypermedia learning. In all three review sections we will point to relevant European work on multimedia/hypermedia carried out within the last 5 years, and often carried out within the Kaleidoscope Network of Excellence. According to the interdisciplinary nature of the field this work might come not only from psychology, but also from technology or pedagogy. Comparing the different research activities on multimedia and hypermedia that have dominated the international scientific discourse in the last decade reveals some important differences. Most important, a gap seems to exist between researchers mainly interested in a “serious” educational use of multimedia/ hypermedia and researchers mainly interested in “serious” experimental research on learning with multimedia/hypermedia. Recent discussions about the pros and cons of “design-based research” or “use-inspired basic research” can be seen as a direct consequence of an increasing awareness of the tensions within these two different cultures of research on education.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationTechnology-Enhanced Learning
    EditorsNicolas Balacheff, Sten Ludvigsen, Ton de Jong, Ard Lazonder, Sally Barnes
    Place of PublicationDordrecht
    PublisherSpringer Netherlands
    Number of pages22
    ISBN (Electronic)9781402098277
    ISBN (Print)9781402098260
    Publication statusPublished - 2009


    • Multimedia
    • Hypermedia
    • Learner control
    • Use-inspired basic research
    • Design research


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