Learning perceptual aspects of diagnosis in medicine via eye movement modeling examples on patient video cases

Halszka Jarodzka, Thomas Balslev, Kenneth Holmqvist, Marcus Nyström, Katharina Scheiter, Peter Gerjets, Berit Eika

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Complex tasks with a visually rich component, like diagnosing seizures based on patient video cases, not only require the acquisition of conceptual but also of perceptual skills. Medical education has found that besides biomedical knowledge (knowledge of scientific facts) clinical knowledge (actual experience with patients) is crucial. One important aspect of clinical knowledge that medical education has hardly focused on, yet, are perceptual skills, like visually searching, detecting, and interpreting relevant features. Research on instructional design has shown that in a visually rich, but simple classification task perceptual skills could be conveyed by means of showing the eye movements of a didactically behaving expert. The current study applied this method to medical education in a complex task. This was done by example video cases, which were verbally explained by an expert. In addition the experimental groups saw a display of the expert’s eye movements recorded, while he performed the task. Results show that blurring non-attended areas of the expert enhances diagnostic performance of epileptic seizures by medical students in contrast to displaying attended areas as a circle and to a control group without attention guidance. These findings show that attention guidance fosters learning of perceptual aspects of clinical knowledge, if implemented in a spotlight manner.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2010)
    Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of a meeting held 11-14 August 2010, Portland, Oregon, USA
    EditorsStellan Ohlsson, Richard Catrambone
    Place of PublicationRed Hook, NY
    PublisherCognitive Science Society
    Pages1703-1708
    Number of pages6
    Volume3
    ISBN (Print)9781617388903
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010
    Event32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society - Portland, United States
    Duration: 11 Aug 201014 Aug 2010
    Conference number: 32
    http://www.proceedings.com/09137.html

    Conference

    Conference32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    Abbreviated titleCogSci 2010
    Country/TerritoryUnited States
    CityPortland
    Period11/08/1014/08/10
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • example-based learning
    • eye tracking
    • expertise
    • attention
    • medical education

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