The important contribution of tires to microplastics found in the environment raises the question how to effectively mitigate the environmental release of tire microplastics. The aim of this study is to map the tire supply chain and quantify the resulting tire microplastics emissions in close collaboration with stakeholders, thereby providing a solid foundation for the development of a mitigation strategy. To this end, the supply chain was mapped and used to identify stakeholders and to quantify microplastics emissions using a material system analysis for the Netherlands, 2021. Stakeholder involvement was integrated for data gathering and to build trust for future collaboration. The total initial tire microplastics emissions were estimated at 19,580 t/y (85 % by tire wear and 15 % by infill). Approximately 9,450 t/y of tire microplastics were estimated to reach the environment, 80 % to soils and 20 % to surface waters. This is the first step towards an effective mitigation strategy.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107389
Number of pages8
JournalResources Conservation and Recycling
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


  • material system analysis
  • supply chain map
  • Stakeholder participation
  • tire and roas wear particles (TRWP)
  • The Netherlands


Dive into the research topics of 'Mapping the tire supply chain and its microplastics emissions using a multi-stakeholder approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this