Mental illness stigma and disclosure: consequences of coming out of the closet

Arjan E R Bos, Daphne Kanner, Peter Muris, Birgit Janssen, Birgit Mayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The present study investigated disclosure patterns among mental health consumers (N = 500) and examined the relationships among disclosure, perceived stigmatization, perceived social support, and self-esteem. Results suggest that selective disclosure optimizes social support and limits stigmatization. Perceived stigmatization has a detrimental impact on self-esteem, especially for those who are relatively open about their mental disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-13
Number of pages5
JournalIssues in Mental Health Nursing
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Adult
  • Attitude to Health
  • Conflict (Psychology)
  • Cost of Illness
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Family/psychology
  • Female
  • Friends/psychology
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders/psychology
  • Netherlands
  • Nursing Methodology Research
  • Prejudice
  • Self Concept
  • Self Disclosure
  • Social Perception
  • Social Support
  • Stereotyping
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


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