Ondermijnende aspecten van georganiseerde criminaliteit en de rol van de bovenwereld

Translated title of the contribution: Undermining effects of organized crime and the role of the upper world

E.W. Kolthoff, Sjaak Khonraad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The concept of undermining or subversive crime seems to be linked undistinguishably to organized crime and both terms are sometimes used synonymously. Definitions of the phenomenon are sometimes based on its effects, while others have their focus on its manifestations. Discussion on the underlying causes is lacking. Regularly, activities that actually do not relate to undermining are labeled as such.
This reflection critically examines and evaluates the concept of undermining. The central question is what has to be understood under the concept of undermining and, above all: what not? The phenomenon is further explored, with the aim of stimulating scientific debate and empirical research. The role of the government and other institutions in facilitating undermining is explicitly discussed as well as the possibilities to strengthen their resilience.
Translated title of the contributionUndermining effects of organized crime and the role of the upper world
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)76-90
Number of pages15
JournalTijdschrift voor Criminologie
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016


  • ondermijning
  • organized crime
  • corruption
  • georganiseerde criminaliteit


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