Onderwijsdifferentiatie en leerlingproblemen in Nederland, 1916-2015: Review van probleemanalyses, onderzoeken en effecten van beleidsmaatregelen

A.J. Mooij

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    Educational differentiation and student problems in the Netherlands, 1916-2015: Review of problem analyses, research, and effects of policy measures. This review concentrates on problem analyses and research concerning educational differentiation and student problems carried out in the Netherlands between 1916 and 2015. The goal is to examine systemic educational causes of student achievement and motivation problems, to evaluate educational proposals to reduce these problems, and to check the effects of measures to reduce the problems in school practice. Results demonstrate the existence of four categories of educational differentiation and student problems: 1) age-based differentiation and systemic measures to reduce student problems; 2) age-based differentiation and non-systemic measures to reduce student problems; 3) special education for students with specific educational needs; 4) individualized education in specific schools. Review outcomes indicate a lack of permanent problem reduction in the first three categories in particular. It is suggested to systemically develop ‘Optimal Education’ for each student.
    Original languageDutch
    Pages (from-to)235-269
    JournalMens en Maatschappij
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016


    • Educational differentiation
    • Age-based classes
    • Student selection
    • Student achievement
    • Student motivation problems
    • Analytic review
    • 1916-2015
    • Systemic causes of low achievement
    • Systemic causes of gifted underachievement
    • Optimal education

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