Online education as a measure to reduce carbon emissions in Dutch higher education

F. Perez Salgado, A.D. Counotte - Potman, Marieke Versteijlen, Marleen Janssen Groesbeek

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

Abstract

Online education may be an instrument to substantially decrease the carbon footprint of a higher education institute (HEI) through its potential to reduce education-related student travel. International research identifies this travel behaviour as one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases of a HEI. The presented study explores the carbon emissions associated with student (and staff) travel of Dutch HEIs and the (dis)advantages of online education in higher education (HE).
The travel-related emission data are derived from reports, published by Dutch HEIs, containing the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol calculations of the HEI’s carbon footprint. These data are analysed and compared with international findings. In-depth interviews with Dutch HE professionals specialized in online education/ICT/sustainability, followed by a grounded theory analysis, yield results on their attitude towards online education.
The results show that the contribution of travel-related emissions to the carbon footprint of the investigated Dutch HEIs is between 40 and 90 percent, which is consistent with other international research. To reduce these travel emissions most ICT/sustainability professionals mention stimulating students and staff to use a lower carbon-intensive travel mode as a solution, not online education. The educational professionals consider online education as an opportunity to personalize education to the students’ needs, but also express their concerns about students’ motivation and deteriorated social processes between student and lecturer or fellow-students.
The aforementioned concerns may be addressed by adding face-to-face instruction to online education. Thus it becomes blended education. Further research is needed to investigate how online and blended education affect educational quality and the carbon footprint of a HEI.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
EventThe Online, Open and Flexible Higher Education Conference – OOFHEC2018
EADTU Conference : Blended and online Learning: Changing the Educational Landscape
- Aarhus University (Denmark) , Aarhus, Denmark
Duration: 10 Oct 201812 Oct 2018
https://conference.eadtu.eu/

Conference

ConferenceThe Online, Open and Flexible Higher Education Conference – OOFHEC2018
EADTU Conference
Abbreviated titleOOFHEC2018
CountryDenmark
CityAarhus
Period10/10/1812/10/18
Internet address

Fingerprint

education
travel
student
sustainability
staff
travel behavior
social process
grounded theory
university teacher
instruction
interview

Keywords

  • higher education
  • online education
  • blended education
  • carbon emissions
  • GHG emissions
  • carbon footprint
  • quality of education
  • student travel
  • staff travel

Cite this

Perez Salgado, F., Counotte - Potman, A. D., Versteijlen, M., & Groesbeek, M. J. (2018). Online education as a measure to reduce carbon emissions in Dutch higher education. Paper presented at The Online, Open and Flexible Higher Education Conference – OOFHEC2018
EADTU Conference , Aarhus, Denmark.
Perez Salgado, F. ; Counotte - Potman, A.D. ; Versteijlen, Marieke ; Groesbeek, Marleen Janssen. / Online education as a measure to reduce carbon emissions in Dutch higher education. Paper presented at The Online, Open and Flexible Higher Education Conference – OOFHEC2018
EADTU Conference , Aarhus, Denmark.
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abstract = "Online education may be an instrument to substantially decrease the carbon footprint of a higher education institute (HEI) through its potential to reduce education-related student travel. International research identifies this travel behaviour as one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases of a HEI. The presented study explores the carbon emissions associated with student (and staff) travel of Dutch HEIs and the (dis)advantages of online education in higher education (HE).The travel-related emission data are derived from reports, published by Dutch HEIs, containing the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol calculations of the HEI’s carbon footprint. These data are analysed and compared with international findings. In-depth interviews with Dutch HE professionals specialized in online education/ICT/sustainability, followed by a grounded theory analysis, yield results on their attitude towards online education. The results show that the contribution of travel-related emissions to the carbon footprint of the investigated Dutch HEIs is between 40 and 90 percent, which is consistent with other international research. To reduce these travel emissions most ICT/sustainability professionals mention stimulating students and staff to use a lower carbon-intensive travel mode as a solution, not online education. The educational professionals consider online education as an opportunity to personalize education to the students’ needs, but also express their concerns about students’ motivation and deteriorated social processes between student and lecturer or fellow-students. The aforementioned concerns may be addressed by adding face-to-face instruction to online education. Thus it becomes blended education. Further research is needed to investigate how online and blended education affect educational quality and the carbon footprint of a HEI.",
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Perez Salgado, F, Counotte - Potman, AD, Versteijlen, M & Groesbeek, MJ 2018, 'Online education as a measure to reduce carbon emissions in Dutch higher education' Paper presented at The Online, Open and Flexible Higher Education Conference – OOFHEC2018
EADTU Conference , Aarhus, Denmark, 10/10/18 - 12/10/18, .

Online education as a measure to reduce carbon emissions in Dutch higher education. / Perez Salgado, F.; Counotte - Potman, A.D.; Versteijlen, Marieke; Groesbeek, Marleen Janssen.

2018. Paper presented at The Online, Open and Flexible Higher Education Conference – OOFHEC2018
EADTU Conference , Aarhus, Denmark.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

TY - CONF

T1 - Online education as a measure to reduce carbon emissions in Dutch higher education

AU - Perez Salgado, F.

AU - Counotte - Potman, A.D.

AU - Versteijlen, Marieke

AU - Groesbeek, Marleen Janssen

PY - 2018/10

Y1 - 2018/10

N2 - Online education may be an instrument to substantially decrease the carbon footprint of a higher education institute (HEI) through its potential to reduce education-related student travel. International research identifies this travel behaviour as one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases of a HEI. The presented study explores the carbon emissions associated with student (and staff) travel of Dutch HEIs and the (dis)advantages of online education in higher education (HE).The travel-related emission data are derived from reports, published by Dutch HEIs, containing the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol calculations of the HEI’s carbon footprint. These data are analysed and compared with international findings. In-depth interviews with Dutch HE professionals specialized in online education/ICT/sustainability, followed by a grounded theory analysis, yield results on their attitude towards online education. The results show that the contribution of travel-related emissions to the carbon footprint of the investigated Dutch HEIs is between 40 and 90 percent, which is consistent with other international research. To reduce these travel emissions most ICT/sustainability professionals mention stimulating students and staff to use a lower carbon-intensive travel mode as a solution, not online education. The educational professionals consider online education as an opportunity to personalize education to the students’ needs, but also express their concerns about students’ motivation and deteriorated social processes between student and lecturer or fellow-students. The aforementioned concerns may be addressed by adding face-to-face instruction to online education. Thus it becomes blended education. Further research is needed to investigate how online and blended education affect educational quality and the carbon footprint of a HEI.

AB - Online education may be an instrument to substantially decrease the carbon footprint of a higher education institute (HEI) through its potential to reduce education-related student travel. International research identifies this travel behaviour as one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases of a HEI. The presented study explores the carbon emissions associated with student (and staff) travel of Dutch HEIs and the (dis)advantages of online education in higher education (HE).The travel-related emission data are derived from reports, published by Dutch HEIs, containing the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol calculations of the HEI’s carbon footprint. These data are analysed and compared with international findings. In-depth interviews with Dutch HE professionals specialized in online education/ICT/sustainability, followed by a grounded theory analysis, yield results on their attitude towards online education. The results show that the contribution of travel-related emissions to the carbon footprint of the investigated Dutch HEIs is between 40 and 90 percent, which is consistent with other international research. To reduce these travel emissions most ICT/sustainability professionals mention stimulating students and staff to use a lower carbon-intensive travel mode as a solution, not online education. The educational professionals consider online education as an opportunity to personalize education to the students’ needs, but also express their concerns about students’ motivation and deteriorated social processes between student and lecturer or fellow-students. The aforementioned concerns may be addressed by adding face-to-face instruction to online education. Thus it becomes blended education. Further research is needed to investigate how online and blended education affect educational quality and the carbon footprint of a HEI.

KW - higher education

KW - online education

KW - blended education

KW - carbon emissions

KW - GHG emissions

KW - carbon footprint

KW - quality of education

KW - student travel

KW - staff travel

M3 - Paper

ER -

Perez Salgado F, Counotte - Potman AD, Versteijlen M, Groesbeek MJ. Online education as a measure to reduce carbon emissions in Dutch higher education. 2018. Paper presented at The Online, Open and Flexible Higher Education Conference – OOFHEC2018
EADTU Conference , Aarhus, Denmark.