Open Source and Open Standards

Rob Koper

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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    Abstract

    The objective of this chapter is to create an understanding of the importance of open source software and open standards (OSS/OS) for e-learning research. Open source is a fundamental new way to develop software, and open standards are needed to make software components work together. It is argued that OSS and OS can improve the convergence of knowledge in the e-learning field, improve the general quality and interoperability of e-learning applications, and improve collaboration between researchers and users. All of these are beneficial and necessary requirements for e-learning research. After a general introduction into basic OSS and OS concepts, the following questions will be answered: a) How does OSS/OS facilitate the technological activities of the researchers in terms of methodology, collaboration and dissemination of results? b) How does OSS/OS facilitate the development of technological knowledge in the field? c) How does OSS/OS facilitate the development of technological artifacts in the field? The development and use of the open standard “IMS Learning Design” (a formal design language for online courses), and the open source applications that are developed to run and present IMS Learning Design courses will be used as an example to demonstrate the use of OSS/OS in e-learning research. In the concluding section we provide some practical information for researchers how to get involved in OSS and OS and how to use it in e-learning research.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHandbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology
    EditorsJ. Michael Spector, M. David Merill, Jeroen van Merriënboer, Marcy P. Driscoll
    Place of PublicationNew York
    PublisherRoutledge
    Chapter30
    Pages355-368
    Number of pages14
    Edition3
    ISBN (Electronic)9780203880869, 9781135596910
    ISBN (Print)9780805858495
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

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